§ 7B‑101. Definitions.
As used in this Subchapter, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the following words have the listed meanings:
(1) Abused juveniles. – Any juvenile less than 18 years of age whose parent, guardian, custodian, or caretaker:
a. Inflicts or allows to be inflicted upon the juvenile a serious physical injury by other than accidental means;
b. Creates or allows to be created a substantial risk of serious physical injury to the juvenile by other than accidental means;
c. Uses or allows to be used upon the juvenile cruel or grossly inappropriate procedures or cruel or grossly inappropriate devices to modify behavior;
d. Commits, permits, or encourages the commission of a violation of the following laws by, with, or upon the juvenile: first‑degree rape, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.2; rape of a child by an adult offender, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.2A; second degree rape as provided in G.S. 14‑27.3; first‑degree sexual offense, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.4; sexual offense with a child by an adult offender, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.4A; second degree sexual offense, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.5; sexual act by a custodian, as provided in G.S. 14‑27.7; unlawful sale, surrender, or purchase of a minor, as provided in G.S. 14‑43.14; crime against nature, as provided in G.S. 14‑177; incest, as provided in G.S. 14‑178; preparation of obscene photographs, slides, or motion pictures of the juvenile, as provided in G.S. 14‑190.5; employing or permitting the juvenile to assist in a violation of the obscenity laws as provided in G.S. 14‑190.6; dissemination of obscene material to the juvenile as provided in G.S. 14‑190.7 and G.S. 14‑190.8; displaying or disseminating material harmful to the juvenile as provided in G.S. 14‑190.14 and G.S. 14‑190.15; first and second degree sexual exploitation of the juvenile as provided in G.S. 14‑190.16 and G.S. 14‑190.17; promoting the prostitution of the juvenile as provided in G.S. 14‑190.18; and taking indecent liberties with the juvenile, as provided in G.S. 14‑202.1;
e. Creates or allows to be created serious emotional damage to the juvenile; serious emotional damage is evidenced by a juvenile's severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or aggressive behavior toward himself or others; or
f. Encourages, directs, or approves of delinquent acts involving moral turpitude committed by the juvenile.
(2) Aggravated circumstances. – Any circumstance attending to the commission of an act of abuse or neglect which increases its enormity or adds to its injurious consequences, including, but not limited to, abandonment, torture, chronic abuse, or sexual abuse.
(3) Caretaker. – Any person other than a parent, guardian, or custodian who has responsibility for the health and welfare of a juvenile in a residential setting. A person responsible for a juvenile's health and welfare means a stepparent, foster parent, an adult member of the juvenile's household, an adult relative entrusted with the juvenile's care, any person such as a house parent or cottage parent who has primary responsibility for supervising a juvenile's health and welfare in a residential child care facility or residential educational facility, or any employee or volunteer of a division, institution, or school operated by the Department of Health and Human Services. "Caretaker" also means any person who has the responsibility for the care of a juvenile in a child care facility as defined in Article 7 of Chapter 110 of the General Statutes and includes any person who has the approval of the care provider to assume responsibility for the juveniles under the care of the care provider. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to impose a legal duty of support under Chapter 50 or Chapter 110 of the General Statutes. The duty imposed upon a caretaker as defined in this subdivision shall be for the purpose of this Subchapter only.
(4) Clerk. – Any clerk of superior court, acting clerk, or assistant or deputy clerk.
(5) Community‑based program. – A program providing nonresidential or residential treatment to a juvenile in the community where the juvenile's family lives. A community‑based program may include specialized foster care, family counseling, shelter care, and other appropriate treatment.
(6) Court. – The district court division of the General Court of Justice.
(7) Court of competent jurisdiction. – A court having the power and authority of law to act at the time of acting over the subject matter of the cause.
(7a) Criminal history. – A local, State, or federal criminal history of conviction or pending indictment of a crime, whether a misdemeanor or a felony, involving violence against a person.
(8) Custodian. – The person or agency that has been awarded legal custody of a juvenile by a court or a person, other than parents or legal guardian, who has assumed the status and obligation of a parent without being awarded the legal custody of a juvenile by a court.
(9) Dependent juvenile. – A juvenile in need of assistance or placement because the juvenile has no parent, guardian, or custodian responsible for the juvenile's care or supervision or whose parent, guardian, or custodian is unable to provide for the care or supervision and lacks an appropriate alternative child care arrangement.
(10) Director. – The director of the county department of social services in the county in which the juvenile resides or is found, or the director's representative as authorized in G.S. 108A‑14.
(11) District. – Any district court district as established by G.S. 7A‑133.
(11a) Family assessment response. – A response to selected reports of child neglect and dependency as determined by the Director using a family‑centered approach that is protection and prevention oriented and that evaluates the strengths and needs of the juvenile's family, as well as the condition of the juvenile.
(11b) Investigative assessment response. – A response to reports of child abuse and selected reports of child neglect and dependency as determined by the Director using a formal information gathering process to determine whether a juvenile is abused, neglected, or dependent.
(12) Judge. – Any district court judge.
(13) Judicial district. – Any district court district as established by G.S. 7A‑133.
(14) Juvenile. – A person who has not reached the person's eighteenth birthday and is not married, emancipated, or a member of the Armed Forces of the United States.
(15) Neglected juvenile. – A juvenile who does not receive proper care, supervision, or discipline from the juvenile's parent, guardian, custodian, or caretaker; or who has been abandoned; or who is not provided necessary medical care; or who is not provided necessary remedial care; or who lives in an environment injurious to the juvenile's welfare; or who has been placed for care or adoption in violation of law. In determining whether a juvenile is a neglected juvenile, it is relevant whether that juvenile lives in a home where another juvenile has died as a result of suspected abuse or neglect or lives in a home where another juvenile has been subjected to abuse or neglect by an adult who regularly lives in the home.
(16) Petitioner. – The individual who initiates court action, whether by the filing of a petition or of a motion for review alleging the matter for adjudication.
(17) Prosecutor. – The district attorney or assistant district attorney assigned by the district attorney to juvenile proceedings.
(18) Reasonable efforts. – The diligent use of preventive or reunification services by a department of social services when a juvenile's remaining at home or returning home is consistent with achieving a safe, permanent home for the juvenile within a reasonable period of time. If a court of competent jurisdiction determines that the juvenile is not to be returned home, then reasonable efforts means the diligent and timely use of permanency planning services by a department of social services to develop and implement a permanent plan for the juvenile.
(18a) Responsible individual. – A parent, guardian, custodian, or caretaker who abuses or seriously neglects a juvenile.
(19) Safe home. – A home in which the juvenile is not at substantial risk of physical or emotional abuse or neglect.
(19a) Serious neglect. – Conduct, behavior, or inaction of the juvenile's parent, guardian, custodian, or caretaker that evidences a disregard of consequences of such magnitude that the conduct, behavior, or inaction constitutes an unequivocal danger to the juvenile's health, welfare, or safety, but does not constitute abuse.
(20) Shelter care. – The temporary care of a juvenile in a physically unrestricting facility pending court disposition.
(21) Substantial evidence. – Relevant evidence a reasonable mind would accept as adequate to support a conclusion.
(22) Working day. – Any day other than a Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday when the courthouse is closed for transactions.
The singular includes the plural, the masculine singular includes the feminine singular and masculine and feminine plural unless otherwise specified. (1979, c. 815, s. 1; 1981, c. 336; c. 359, s. 2; c. 469, ss. 1‑3; c. 716, s. 1; 1985, c. 648; c. 757, s. 156(q); 1985 (Reg. Sess., 1986), c. 852, s. 16; 1987, c. 162; c. 695; 1987 (Reg. Sess., 1988), c. 1037, ss. 36, 37; 1989 (Reg. Sess., 1990), c. 815, s. 1; 1991, c. 258, s. 3; c. 273, s. 11; 1991 (Reg. Sess., 1992), c. 1030, s. 3; 1993, c. 324, s. 1; c. 516, ss. 1‑3; 1997‑113, s. 1; 1997‑390, s. 3; 1997‑390, s. 3.2; 1997‑443, s. 11A.118(a); 1997‑506, s. 30; 1998‑202, s. 6; 1998‑229, ss. 1, 18; 1999‑190, s. 1; 1999‑318, s. 1; 1999‑456, s. 60; 2005‑55, s. 1; 2005‑399, s. 1; 2009‑38, s. 1; 2010‑90, ss. 1, 2; 2011‑183, s. 2; 2012‑153, s. 2.)