GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE BILL 2230*
Short Title: HFA / Expand Home Protection Program.
Representatives Goforth, Underhill (Primary Sponsors); Adams, Brown, Faison, Farmer‑Butterfield, Glazier, Harrison, Jones, Lucas, Parmon, Pierce, Wainwright, E. Warren, Weiss, and Wilkins.
Judiciary II, if favorable, Appropriations.
May 20, 2008
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to continue and expand the north carolina housing finance agency's home protection program to every county in north carolina.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1.(a) The North Carolina Housing Finance Agency shall continue, develop, implement, and administer a program to assist North Carolina workers who have lost jobs as a result of changing economic conditions in North Carolina when the workers are in need of assistance to avoid losing their homes to foreclosure. The Agency shall do all of the following:
(1) Develop and administer the North Carolina Home Protection Program and Loan Fund to ensure that workers in North Carolina have assistance to avoid losing their homes to foreclosure.
(2) Make loans secured by liens on residential real property located in North Carolina to property owners who are eligible for those loans.
(3) Develop and administer procedures by which property owners at risk of being foreclosed upon may qualify for assistance.
(4) Designate, approve, and fund nonprofit counseling agencies in North Carolina to be available to assist the Agency in implementing the provisions of this section, provide services such as direct mortgagee negotiations on behalf of unemployed workers, and process loan applications for the Agency.
(5) Develop and fund enhanced methods by which workers may be notified of foreclosure mitigation services, may easily contact local nonprofit counseling agencies, and may apply for loans from the Agency.
(6) No later than April 1, 2009, report to the Chairs of the Appropriations Committees of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the effectiveness of the Program in accomplishing its purposes and provide any other information the Agency determines is pertinent or that the General Assembly requests.
SECTION 1.(b) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) Agency. – The North Carolina Housing Finance Agency.
(2) Counseling agency. – A nonprofit counseling agency located in North Carolina that is approved by the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency.
(3) Mortgage. – An obligation evidenced by a security document and secured by a lien upon real property located within North Carolina, including a deed of trust and land sale agreement. "Mortgage" also means an obligation evidenced by a security lien on real property upon which an owner‑occupied mobile home is located.
(4) Mortgagee. – The owner of a beneficial interest in a mortgage loan, the servicer for the owner of a beneficial interest in a mortgage loan, or the trustee for a securitized trust that holds title to a beneficial interest in a mortgage loan.
SECTION 1.(c) Notwithstanding Chapters 23, 24, and 45 of the General Statutes or any other provision of law, upon the proper filing of an application for loan assistance by a mortgagor under this section, a mortgagee shall not do the following for a period of 120 days following the date of the mortgagor's properly filed application:
(1) Accelerate the maturity of any mortgage obligation covered under this section.
(2) Commence or continue any legal action, including mortgage foreclosure pursuant to Chapter 45 of the General Statutes, to recover the mortgage obligation.
(3) Take possession of any security of the mortgagor for the mortgage obligation.
(4) Procure or receive a deed in lieu of foreclosure.
(5) Enter judgment by confession pursuant to a note accompanying a mortgage.
(6) Proceed to enforce the mortgage obligation pursuant to applicable rules of civil procedure.
The provisions of this section shall not apply if the mortgagee receives notice from the Agency that the mortgagor's application has been denied.
If a mortgagee acts as proscribed in subdivisions (1) through (6) of this subsection, a mortgagor shall be entitled to injunctive relief without the necessity of providing a bond. This relief shall be in addition to any defenses available under G.S. 45‑21.16(d) and any other remedies at law or equity.
Upon the Agency's receipt of a properly filed mortgagor's application for loan assistance, the Agency shall mail notice of the application to the mortgagor's mortgagee within 10 business days of the Agency's receipt of the application. The Agency shall also mail notice of the acceptance or denial of the mortgagor's application to the mortgagee within five days of the Agency's determination. Notice shall be deemed sufficient if sent to the last known address of the mortgagee.
SECTION 1.(d) Rule Making. – Solely with respect to the adoption of procedures for the program by which property owners at risk of being foreclosed upon may qualify for assistance, the Agency is exempt from the requirements of Article 2A of Chapter 150B of the General Statutes. Prior to adoption or amendment of procedures, the Agency shall:
(1) Publish the proposed procedures in the North Carolina Register at least 30 days prior to the adoption of the final procedures.
(2) Accept oral and written comments on the proposed procedures.
(3) Hold at least one public hearing on the proposed procedures.
SECTION 2. There is appropriated from the General Fund to the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency the sum of three million dollars ($3,000,000) in recurring funds for the 2008‑2009 fiscal year for the North Carolina Home Protection Program. Funds appropriated under this act to the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency that are unexpended and unencumbered shall not revert but shall remain available to be used by the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency for the North Carolina Home Protection Program.
SECTION 3. This act becomes effective on July 1, 2008.