GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SENATE BILL 3
Short Title: Promote Renewable Energy/Energy Efficiency.
Senators Albertson; Allran, Atwater, Bingham, Boseman, Cowell, Dalton, Jenkins, Kinnaird, Purcell, Queen, Snow, Stevens, Tillman, and Weinstein.
February 12, 2007
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to promote the development of renewable energy and ENERGY EFFICIENCY in the state through implementation of a ten percent renewable ENERGY and ENERGY Efficiency portfolio Standard (REPS).
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 62-2(a) reads as rewritten:
"§ 62-2. Declaration of policy.
(a) Upon investigation, it has been determined that the rates, services and operations of public utilities as defined herein, are affected with the public interest and that the availability of an adequate and reliable supply of electric power and natural gas to the people, economy and government of North Carolina is a matter of public policy. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State of North Carolina:
(8) To cooperate with
other states and with the federal government in promoting and coordinating
interstate and intrastate public utility service and reliability of public
utility energy supply;
(9) To facilitate the
construction of facilities in and the extension of natural gas service to
unserved areas in order to promote the public welfare throughout the State and
to that end to authorize the creation of expansion funds for natural gas local
distribution companies or gas districts to be administered under the
supervision of the North Carolina Utilities
(10) To promote the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency through the implementation of a Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS) that will do all of the following:
a. Diversify the resources used to reliably supply energy to consumers in the State.
b. Provide greater energy security through the use of indigenous energy resources available within the State.
c. Encourage private investment in renewable energy and energy efficiency.
d. Provide improved air quality and other benefits to energy consumers and citizens of the State."
SECTION 2. Article 7 of Chapter 62 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 62-133.7. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS).
(a) As used in this section:
(1) 'Electric power supplier' means a public utility, an electric membership corporation, or a municipality that sells electric power to retail electric power customers in the State.
(2) 'Energy efficiency measure' means a physical change to a building or equipment implemented on or after 1 January 2007 that results in a permanent reduction in overall demand for electric power while maintaining the same or improved level of energy service.
(3) 'New renewable energy facility' means a facility that generates electric power that is placed into service on or after 1 January 2007 and that delivers electric power generated by the use of a renewable energy resource to an electric power supplier.
(4) 'Renewable energy resource' means a solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal, ocean current or wave energy resource; a biomass resource, including agricultural waste, animal waste, wood waste, energy crop, or landfill methane; or hydrogen derived from a renewable energy resource. 'Renewable energy resource' does not include a fossil fuel or nuclear energy resource.
(b) Each electric power supplier shall be subject to a Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS), as provided by this section.
(c) For calendar year 2009, an amount equal to at least one percent (1%) of the total electric power in kilowatt hours sold by an electric power supplier to its retail electric power customers in the State during the previous calendar year shall be supplied by new renewable energy facilities or saved due to the implementation of energy efficiency measures. The percentage shall increase on an annual basis so that by calendar year 2018 and for each calendar year thereafter, an amount equal to at least ten percent (10%) of the total electric power in kilowatt hours sold by an electric power supplier to its retail electric power customers in the State during the previous calendar year shall be supplied by new renewable energy facilities or saved due to the implementation of energy efficiency measures.
(d) An electric power supplier may meet the requirements of this section by:
(1) Generating electric power at a new renewable energy facility;
(2) Reducing energy consumption through the implementation of an energy efficiency measure;
(3) Purchasing electric power from a new renewable energy facility; or
(4) Any combination of subdivisions (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection.
(e) Electric power supplied by a new renewable energy facility or saved due to the implementation of an energy efficiency measure may be used to meet the requirements of this section. Any electric power that is supplied by a new renewable energy facility or saved due to the implementation of an energy efficiency measure that exceeds the requirements of this section for any calendar year may be credited towards the requirements of this section in the following calendar year.
(f) The Commission shall adopt rules to implement the provisions of this section. In developing the rules, the Commission shall:
(1) Allow an electric power supplier to meet up to twenty-five percent (25%) of its REPS requirements through savings due to the implementation of energy efficiency measures.
(2) Provide for the monitoring of compliance with and enforcement of the REPS requirements.
(3) Consider the use of credit multipliers to promote certain preferred renewable energy resources.
(4) Include a procedure as an alternative to the procedure set out in G.S. 62-133 to annually adjust the rates of public utilities to allow timely recovery of all reasonable costs of complying with this section.
(g) No later than 15 January of each year, the Commission shall submit a report on the activities taken by the Commission to implement and by electric power suppliers to comply with the requirements of this section to the Governor, the Environmental Review Commission, and the Joint Legislative Utility Review Committee."
SECTION 3. The first report required by G.S. 62-133.7(g), as enacted by Section 2 of this act, shall be submitted no later than 15 January 2008.
SECTION 4. This act becomes effective 1 July 2007.