GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2007-544
SENATE BILL 56
AN ACT to amend the penalty review committee process, Expand the Health Care Personnel Registry and Authorize the medical care commission to adopt rules allowing the issuance of rated certificates to adult care homes.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 131D‑34(h) reads as rewritten:
"(h) The Secretary shall
establish a penalty review committee within the Department, which shall meet as
often as needed, but no less frequently than once each quarter of the year,
least semiannually to review violations and penalties imposed by the Adult Care
Licensure Section; provide a forum for residents, guardians or families of
residents, local department of social services, and providers; and make
recommendations to the Department for changes in policy, training, or rules as
a result of its review and publish a report. to review administrative
penalties assessed pursuant to this section and pursuant to G.S. 131E‑129
(1) The Secretary shall administer the work of the Committee and provide public notice of its meetings via Web site, and provide direct notice to the following parties involved in the penalties the Committee will be reviewing:
a. The licensed
provider, who upon receipt of the notice, shall post the notice of the scheduled
Penalty Review Committee meeting in a conspicuous place available to residents,
family members, and the public;
b. The local department of social services that is responsible for oversight of the facility involved;
c. The residents affected; and
The families or guardians
of the residents affected. Those individuals lawfully designated by the affected
resident to make health care decisions for the resident.
(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the Nursing Home/Adult Care Home Penalty Review Committee established by this subsection is comprised of nine members. At least one member shall be appointed from each of the following categories:
a. A licensed pharmacist;
b. A registered nurse experienced in long term care;
c. A representative of a nursing home;
d. A representative of an adult care home; and
e. Two public members. One shall be a "near" relative of a nursing home patient, chosen from a list prepared by the Office of State Long Term Care Ombudsman, Division of Aging, Department of Health and Human Services. One shall be a "near" relative of a rest home patient, chosen from a list prepared by the Office of State Long Term Care Ombudsman, Division of Aging, Department of Health and Human Services. For purposes of this subdivision, a "near" relative is a spouse, sibling, parent, child, grandparent, or grandchild.
(3) Neither the pharmacist, nurse, nor public members appointed under this subsection nor any member of their immediate families shall be employed by or own any interest in a nursing home or adult care home.
(4) Repealed by Session Laws 2005‑276, s. 10.40A(l), effective July 1, 2005.
(4a) The Department
of Health and Human Services shall notify families or guardians of affected
residents of the right to request a penalty review committee review of the
Department's penalty decision before the decision becomes final. Within 60 days
of receipt of a request from a family member or guardian for review of the
Department's penalty decision, the penalty review committee shall meet to
conduct the review and shall inform the family member or guardian of the
results of the review.
(4b) Prior to serving on the Committee, each member shall complete a training program provided by the Department of Health and Human Services that covers standards of care and applicable State and federal laws and regulations governing facilities licensed under Chapter 131D and Chapter 131E of the General Statutes.
(5) Each member of the Committee shall serve a term of two years. The initial terms of the members shall commence on August 3, 1989. The Secretary shall fill all vacancies. Unexcused absences from three consecutive meetings constitute resignation from the Committee.
(6) The Committee shall be cochaired by:
a. One member of the
Department outside of the Division of
Facility Services Health
Service Regulation; and
b. One member who is not affiliated with the Department."
SECTION 2. G.S. 131E‑256 reads as rewritten:
"§ 131E‑256. Health Care Personnel Registry.
(a) The Department shall establish and maintain a health care personnel registry containing the names of all health care personnel working in health care facilities in North Carolina who have:
(1) Been subject to findings by the Department of:
a. Neglect or abuse of a resident in a health care facility or a person to whom home care services as defined by G.S. 131E‑136 or hospice services as defined by G.S. 131E‑201 are being provided.
b. Misappropriation of the property of a resident in a health care facility, as defined in subsection (b) of this section including places where home care services as defined by G.S. 131E‑136 or hospice services as defined by G.S. 131E‑201 are being provided.
c. Misappropriation of the property of a health care facility.
d. Diversion of drugs
belonging to a health care
facility or to a patient or client.facility.
d1. Diversion of drugs belonging to a patient or client of the health care facility.
e. Fraud against a health
facility or against a patient or client for whom the employee is
e1. Fraud against a patient or client for whom the employee is providing services.
(2) Been accused of any of the acts listed in subdivision (1) of this subsection, but only after the Department has screened the allegation and determined that an investigation is required.
The Health Care Personnel Registry shall also contain all findings by the Department of neglect of a resident in a nursing facility or abuse of a resident in a nursing facility or misappropriation of the property of a resident in a nursing facility by a nurse aide that are contained in the nurse aide registry under G.S. 131E‑255.
(a1) The Department shall include in the registry a brief statement of any individual disputing the finding entered against the individual in the health care personnel registry pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section.
(b) For the purpose of this section, the following are considered to be "health care facilities":
(1) Adult Care Homes as defined in G.S. 131D‑2.
(2) Hospitals as defined in G.S. 131E‑76.
(3) Home Care Agencies as defined in G.S. 131E‑136.
(4) Nursing Pools as defined by G.S. 131E‑154.2.
(5) Hospices as defined by G.S. 131E‑201.
(6) Nursing Facilities as defined by G.S. 131E‑255.
(7) State‑Operated Facilities as defined in G.S. 122C‑3(14)f.
(8) Residential Facilities as defined in G.S. 122C‑3(14)e.
(9) 24‑Hour Facilities as defined in G.S. 122C‑3(14)g.
(10) Licensable Facilities as defined in G.S. 122C‑3(14)b.
(11) Multiunit Assisted Housing with Services as defined in G.S. 131D‑2.
(12) Community‑Based Providers of Services for the Mentally Ill, the Developmentally Disabled, and Substance Abusers that are not required to be licensed under Article 2 of Chapter 122C of the General Statutes.
(13) Agencies providing in‑home aide services funded through the Home and Community Care Block Grant Program in accordance with G.S. 143B‑181.1(a)11.
(c) For the purpose of this
section, the term "health care personnel" means any unlicensed
staff of a health care facility that has direct access to residents, clients,
or their property. Direct access includes any health care facility unlicensed staff
that during the course of employment has the opportunity for direct contact
with an individual or an individual's property, when that individual is a
resident or person to whom services are provided.
the following are
considered to be "health care personnel": (1) In an adult
care home, an adult care personal aide who is any person who either performs or
directly supervises others who perform task functions in activities of daily
living which are personal functions essential for the health and well‑being
of residents such as bathing, dressing, personal hygiene, ambulation or
locomotion, transferring, toileting, and eating. (2) A nurse aide. (3) An in‑home
aide or an in‑home personal care aide who provides hands‑on
paraprofessional services. (4) Unlicensed
assistant personnel who provide hands‑on care, including, but not limited
to, habilitative aides and health care technicians.
(d) Health care personnel who wish to contest findings under subdivision (a)(1) of this section are entitled to an administrative hearing as provided by the Administrative Procedure Act, Chapter 150B of the General Statutes. A petition for a contested case shall be filed within 30 days of the mailing of the written notice of the Department's intent to place its findings about the person in the Health Care Personnel Registry.
(d1) Health care personnel who wish to contest the placement of information under subdivision (a)(2) of this section are entitled to an administrative hearing as provided by the Administrative Procedure Act, Chapter 150B of the General Statutes. A petition for a contested case hearing shall be filed within 30 days of the mailing of the written notice of the Department's intent to place information about the person in the Health Care Personnel Registry under subdivision (a)(2) of this section. Health care personnel who have filed a petition contesting the placement of information in the health care personnel registry under subdivision (a)(2) of this section are deemed to have challenged any findings made by the Department at the conclusion of its investigation.
(d2) Before hiring health care personnel into a health care facility or service, every employer at a health care facility shall access the Health Care Personnel Registry and shall note each incident of access in the appropriate business files.
(e) The Department shall provide an employer at a health care facility or potential employer at a health care facility of any person listed on the Health Care Personnel Registry information concerning the nature of the finding or allegation and the status of the investigation.
(f) No person shall be liable for providing any information for the health care personnel registry if the information is provided in good faith. Neither an employer, potential employer, nor the Department shall be liable for using any information from the health care personnel registry if the information is used in good faith for the purpose of screening prospective applicants for employment or reviewing the employment status of an employee.
(g) Health care facilities shall ensure that the Department is notified of all allegations against health care personnel, including injuries of unknown source, which appear to be related to any act listed in subdivision (a)(1) of this section. Facilities must have evidence that all alleged acts are investigated and must make every effort to protect residents from harm while the investigation is in progress. The results of all investigations must be reported to the Department within five working days of the initial notification to the Department.
(h) The North Carolina Medical Care Commission shall adopt, amend, and repeal all rules necessary for the implementation of this section.
(i) In the case of a finding of neglect under subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section, the Department shall establish a procedure to permit health care personnel to petition the Department to have his or her name removed from the registry upon a determination that:
(1) The employment and personal history of the nurse aid does not reflect a pattern of abusive behavior or neglect;
(2) The neglect involved in the original finding was a singular occurrence; and
(3) The petition for removal is submitted after the expiration of the one‑year period which began on the date the petitioner's name was added to the registry under subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section."
SECTION 3.(a) G.S. 131D‑4.5 reads as rewritten:
"§ 131D‑4.5. Rules adopted by Medical Care Commission.
The Medical Care Commission shall adopt rules as follows:
(1) Establishing minimum medication administration standards for adult care homes. The rules shall include the minimum staffing and training requirements for medication aides and standards for professional supervision of adult care homes' medication controls. The requirements shall be designed to reduce the medication error rate in adult care homes to an acceptable level. The requirements shall include, but need not be limited to, all of the following:
a. Training for medication aides, including periodic refresher training.
b. Standards for management of complex medication regimens.
c. Oversight by licensed professionals.
d. Measures to ensure proper storage of medication.
(2) Establishing training requirements for adult care home staff in behavioral interventions. The training shall include appropriate responses to behavioral problems posed by adult care residents. The training shall emphasize safety and humane care and shall specifically include alternatives to the use of restraints.
(3) Establishing minimum training and education qualifications for supervisors in adult care homes and specifying the safety responsibilities of supervisors.
(4) Specifying the qualifications of staff who shall be on duty in adult care homes during various portions of the day in order to assure safe and quality care for the residents. The rules shall take into account varied resident needs and population mixes.
(5) Implementing the due process and appeal rights for discharge and transfer of residents in adult care homes afforded by G.S. 131D‑21. The rules shall offer at least the same protections to residents as State and federal rules and regulations governing the transfer or discharge of residents from nursing homes.
(6) Establishing procedures for determining the compliance history of adult care homes' principals and affiliates. The rules shall include criteria for refusing to license facilities which have a history of, or have principals or affiliates with a history of, noncompliance with State law, or disregard for the health, safety, and welfare of residents.
(7) For the licensure of special care units in accordance with G.S. 131D‑4.6, and for disclosures required to be made under G.S. 131D‑8.
(8) For time limited provisional licenses and for granting extensions for provisional licenses.
(9) For the issuance of certificates to adult care homes as authorized under G.S. 131D‑10."
SECTION 3.(b) Article 1 of Chapter 131D of the General Statutes is amended by adding the following new section to read:
"§ 131D‑10. Adult care home rated certificates.
(a) Rules adopted by the North Carolina Medical Care Commission for issuance of certificates to adult care homes shall contain a rating based, at a minimum, on the following:
(1) Inspections and substantiated complaint investigations conducted by the Department to determine compliance with licensing statutes and rules. Specific areas to be reviewed include:
a. Admission and discharge procedures.
b. Medication management.
c. Physical plant.
d. Resident care and services, including food services, resident activities programs, and safety measures.
e. Residents' rights.
f. Sanitation grade.
g. Special Care Units.
h. Use of physical restraints and alternatives.
(b) The initial ratings awarded to a facility pursuant to the rules adopted under this section shall be based on inspections, penalties imposed, and investigations of substantiated complaints that revealed noncompliance with statutes and rules, that occurred on or after the act becomes law.
(c) Type A penalties shall affect the rating for 24 months from the date the penalty is assessed. Type B penalties shall affect the rating for 12 months from the date the penalty is assessed.
(d) Adult care homes shall display the rating certificate in a location visible to the public. Certificates shall include the Web site address for the Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation, which can be accessed for specific information regarding the basis of the facility rating. For access by the public on request, adult care homes shall also maintain on‑site a copy of information provided by the Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation, regarding the basis of the facility rating. In addition to information on the basis of the rating, the Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation, shall make information available via its Web site and in the materials available on‑site at the facility regarding quality improvement efforts undertaken by the facility including:
(1) Participation in any quality improvement programs approved by the Department.
(2) The facility's attainment of the North Carolina New Organizational Vision Award special licensure designation authorized in Article 5, Chapter 131E of the General Statutes."
SECTION 3.(c) The Department of Health and Human Services shall provide a copy of emergency, temporary, and permanent rules adopted pursuant to this section to the North Carolina Study Commission on Aging at the same time the Department submits the adopted rules to the Rules Review Commission for its review under Chapter 150B of the General Statutes.
SECTION 3.(d) The Department of Health and Human Services, Divisions of Health Service Regulation, Aging and Adult Services, and Medical Assistance shall study the structure and cost of a system to reward adult care homes which receive high ratings. The Department shall report findings and recommendations on this study to the North Carolina Study Commission on Aging not later than March 1, 2008.
SECTION 3.(e) It is the intent of the General Assembly to provide funding for technical assistance to adult care homes for the 2008‑2009 fiscal year.
SECTION 3.(f) The Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation and Division of Aging and Adult Services, shall study expanding the rated certificate system to other facilities and services licensed and certified by the Department. The Department shall report to the North Carolina Study Commission on Aging on the expansion of the rating system by October 1, 2009.
SECTION 3.(g) The Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Health Service Regulation, shall report on the implementation of the rated certificate system. The Department shall make an interim report to the North Carolina Study Commission on Aging not later than October 1, 2009, and a final report to the Commission not later than October 1, 2010.
SECTION 4. Section 1 of this act becomes effective October 1, 2007. Section 2 becomes effective January 1, 2008. Certificates authorized under Section 3 shall be issued beginning January 1, 2009. The remainder of this act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 28th day of July, 2007.
s/ Beverly E. Perdue
President of the Senate
s/ Joe Hackney
Speaker of the House of Representatives
s/ Michael F. Easley
Approved 10:12 p.m. this 31st day of August, 2007