GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA

SESSION 2011

H                                                                                                                                                   D

HOUSE DRH11141-SA-12*  (02/03)

 

 

 

Short Title:        Juvenile Age to 18.

(Public)

Sponsors:

Representatives Lewis, Randleman, Avila, and Bordsen (Primary Sponsors).

Referred to:

 

 

 

A BILL TO BE ENTITLED

AN ACT to amend the definition of delinquent juvenile to raise the age from sixteen to eighteen years in six-month increments of age over a four-year period, to provide that sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds who have been previously convicted of a felony in adult court shall remain in adult court, to provide that sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds alleged delinquent for a Class a-e felony shall be transferred to adult court, to make conforming changes to other statutes relevant to changing the definition of delinquent juvenile, and to extend the youth accountability task force.

The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:

SECTION 1.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-1501(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31.G.S. 5A-31; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years and six months of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31."

SECTION 1.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 7B-1501(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years and six months17 years of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction  under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31."

SECTION 1.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-1501(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 17 years and six months of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction  under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31."

SECTION 1.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 7B-1501(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 17 years and six months18 years of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction  under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws, or who commits indirect contempt by a juvenile as defined in G.S. 5A-31."

SECTION 2.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-1501(11) reads as rewritten:

"(11)    Holdover facility. - A place located in a jail jail, which has been approved by the Department of Health and Human Services as meeting the State standards for detention the operation of local confinement facilities, as required in G.S. 153A-221G.S. 153A-221, providing close supervision where the a juvenile cannot converse with, see, or be seen by the adult population."

SECTION 3.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-1601 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-1601.  Jurisdiction over delinquent juveniles.

(a)        The court has exclusive, original jurisdiction over any case involving a juvenile who is alleged to be delinquent. For purposes of determining jurisdiction, the age of the juvenile at the time of the alleged offense governs.

(b)        When the court obtains jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be delinquent,delinquent for an offense committed prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 16 years, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 18 years, except as provided otherwise in this Article.

(b1)      When the court obtains jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be delinquent for an offense that would be a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor offense if committed by an adult and the offense was committed while the juvenile was at least 16 years of age, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 19 years.

(b2)      When the court obtains jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be delinquent for an offense that would be a Class A1 misdemeanor or felony offense if committed by an adult and the offense was committed while the juvenile was at least 16 years of age, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 21 years.

(c)        When delinquency proceedings cannot be concluded before the juvenile reaches the age of 18 21 years, the court retains jurisdiction for the sole purpose of conducting proceedings pursuant to Article 22 of this Chapter and either transferring the case to superior court for trial as an adult or dismissing the petition.

(d)        When the court has not obtained jurisdiction over a juvenile before the juvenile reaches the age of 18,21, for a felony and any related misdemeanors the juvenile allegedly committed on or after the juvenile's thirteenth birthday and prior to the juvenile's sixteenth birthday,juvenile reaching the age of 16 years and six months, the court has jurisdiction for the sole purpose of conducting proceedings pursuant to Article 22 of this Chapter and either transferring the case to superior court for trial as an adult or dismissing the petition.

(e)        The court has jurisdiction over delinquent juveniles in the custody of the Department and over proceedings to determine whether a juvenile who is under the post-release supervision of the juvenile court counselor has violated the terms of the juvenile's post-release supervision.

(f)         The court has jurisdiction over persons 18 years of age or older who are under the extended jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

(g)        The court has jurisdiction over the parent, guardian, or custodian of a juvenile who is under the jurisdiction of the court pursuant to this section if the parent, guardian, or custodian has been served with a summons pursuant to G.S. 7B-1805."

SECTION 3.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 7B-1601(d) reads as rewritten:

"(d)      When the court has not obtained jurisdiction over a juvenile before the juvenile reaches the age of 21, for a felony and any related misdemeanors the juvenile allegedly committed on or after the juvenile's thirteenth birthday and prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 16 years and six months,17 years, the court has jurisdiction for the sole purpose of conducting proceedings pursuant to Article 22 of this Chapter and either transferring the case to superior court for trial as an adult or dismissing the petition."

SECTION 3.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-1601(b1) reads as rewritten:

"(b1)    When the court obtains jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be delinquent for an offense that would be a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor offense if committed by an adult and the offense was committed while the juvenile was at least 16 years of age,age but less than 17 years of age, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 19 years. If the offense was committed while the juvenile was at least 17 years of age, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 20 years."

SECTION 3.(d)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-1601(d) reads as rewritten:

"(d)      When the court has not obtained jurisdiction over a juvenile before the juvenile reaches the age of 21, for a felony and any related misdemeanors the juvenile allegedly committed on or after the juvenile's thirteenth birthday and prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 17 years,years and six months, the court has jurisdiction for the sole purpose of conducting proceedings pursuant to Article 22 of this Chapter and either transferring the case to superior court for trial as an adult or dismissing the petition."

SECTION 3.(e)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 7B-1601(d) reads as rewritten:

"(d)      When the court has not obtained jurisdiction over a juvenile before the juvenile reaches the age of 21, for a felony and any related misdemeanors the juvenile allegedly committed on or after the juvenile's thirteenth birthday and prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 17 years and six months,18 years, the court has jurisdiction for the sole purpose of conducting proceedings pursuant to Article 22 of this Chapter and either transferring the case to superior court for trial as an adult or dismissing the petition."

SECTION 4.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-1602(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      When a juvenile is committed to the Department for placement in a youth development center for an offense that would be a Class B1, B2, C, D, or E felony if committed by an adult, other than an offense set forth in subsection (a) of this section, and the offense was committed while the juvenile was less than 16 years of age, jurisdiction shall continue until terminated by order of the court or until the juvenile reaches the age of 19 years, whichever occurs first."

SECTION 5.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-1604 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-1604.  Limitations on juvenile court jurisdiction.

(a)        Any juvenile, including a juvenile who is under the jurisdiction of the court, who commits a criminal offense on or after the juvenile's sixteenth birthdaydate the juvenile reaches the age of 16 years and six months is subject to prosecution as an adult. A juvenile who is emancipated shall be prosecuted as an adult for the commission of a criminal offense.

(b)        A juvenile (i) who is transferred to and convicted in superior court court or (ii) who has previously been convicted in either district or superior court for a felony, including a violation of the motor vehicle laws under State law shall be prosecuted as an adult for any criminal offense the juvenile commits after the superior court conviction."

SECTION 5.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 7B-1604(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Any juvenile, including a juvenile who is under the jurisdiction of the court, who commits a criminal offense on or after the juvenile has reached the age of 16 years and six months 17 years is subject to prosecution as an adult. A juvenile who is emancipated shall be prosecuted as an adult for the commission of a criminal offense."

SECTION 5.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-1604(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Any juvenile, including a juvenile who is under the jurisdiction of the court, who commits a criminal offense on or after the juvenile has reached the age of 17 years and six months is subject to prosecution as an adult. A juvenile who is emancipated shall be prosecuted as an adult for the commission of a criminal offense."

SECTION 5.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 7B-1604(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Any juvenile, including a juvenile who is under the jurisdiction of the court, who commits a criminal offense on or after the juvenile has reached the age of 17 years and six months18 years is subject to prosecution as an adult. A juvenile who is emancipated shall be prosecuted as an adult for the commission of a criminal offense."

SECTION 6.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2200 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-2200.  Transfer of jurisdiction of juvenile to superior court.

(a)        After notice, hearing, and a finding of probable cause the court may, upon motion of the prosecutor or the juvenile's attorney or upon its own motion, transfer jurisdiction over a juvenile to superior court if the juvenile was 13 years of age or older at the time the juvenile allegedly committed an offense that would be a felony if committed by an adult.

(b)        If the alleged felony constitutes a Class A felony and the court finds probable cause, the court shall transfer the case to the superior court for trial as in the case of adults.

(c)        If the juvenile was at least 16 years of age at the time the juvenile allegedly committed an offense that would be a Class B1, B2, C, D, or E felony if committed by an adult, after notice, hearing, and a finding of probable cause the court shall transfer jurisdiction to superior court for trial as in the case of adults. However, notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, the court may retain jurisdiction only if, upon motion of the prosecutor, the court makes a finding of extraordinary circumstances."

SECTION 7.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2204 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-2204.  Right to pretrial release; detention.

(a)        Once the order of transfer has been entered, the juvenile has the right to pretrial release as provided in G.S. 15A-533 and G.S. 15A-534. The release order shall specify the person or persons to whom the juvenile may be released.

(b)        If the juvenile is under the age of 16 years, pendingPending release, the court shall order that the juvenile be detained in a detention facility while awaiting trial. The court may order the juvenile to be held in a holdover facility at any time the presence of the juvenile is required in court for pretrial hearings or trial, if the court finds that it would be inconvenient to return the juvenile to the detention facility.

(c)        If the juvenile is at least 16 years of age, pending release, the court shall order that the juvenile be detained in a holdover facility unless the court finds that detention in a holdover facility is not appropriate, or that the juvenile is not physically capable of caring for himself or herself,  and orders that the juvenile be detained in a detention facility awaiting trial.

(d)        Should the juvenile be found guilty, or enter a plea of guilty or no contest to a criminal offense in superior court and receive an active sentence, then immediate transfer to the Department of Correction shall be ordered. Until such time as the juvenile is transferred to the Department of Correction, the juvenile may be detained in a holdover facility. The juvenile may not be detained in a detention facility pending transfer to the Department of Correction.

The juvenile may be kept by the Department of Correction as a safekeeper until the juvenile is placed in an appropriate correctional program."

SECTION 8.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2506 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-2506.  Dispositional alternatives for delinquent juveniles.

The court exercising jurisdiction over a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent may use the following alternatives in accordance with the dispositional structure set forth in G.S. 7B-2508:

(1)        In the case of any juvenile under the age of 18 years who needs more adequate care or supervision or who needs placement, the judge may:

(2)        Excuse the a juvenile under the age of 16 years from compliance with the compulsory school attendance law when the court finds that suitable alternative plans can be arranged by the family through other community resources for one of the following:

a.         An education related to the needs or abilities of the juvenile including vocational education or special education;

b.         A suitable plan of supervision or placement; or

c.         Some other plan that the court finds to be in the best interests of the juvenile.

(3)        Order the juvenile to cooperate with a community-based program, an intensive substance abuse treatment program, or a residential or nonresidential treatment program. Participation in the programs shall not exceed 12 months.

."

SECTION 9.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2507 reads as rewritten:

" 7B-2507.  Delinquency history levels.

(a)        Generally. - The delinquency history level for a delinquent juvenile is determined by calculating the sum of the points assigned to each of the juvenile's prior adjudications or convictions and to the juvenile's probation status, if any, that the court finds to have been proved in accordance with this section.

(b)        Points. - Points are assigned as follows:

(1)        For each prior adjudication of a Class A through E felony offense, 4 points.

(2)        For each prior adjudication of a Class F through I felony offense or Class A1 misdemeanor offense, 2 points.

(2a)      For each prior conviction of a Class A1 misdemeanor, excluding conviction for violation of the motor vehicle laws, 2 points.

(2b)      For each prior misdemeanor conviction of impaired driving (G.S. 20-138.1), impaired driving in a commercial vehicle (G.S. 20-138.2), and misdemeanor death by vehicle (G.S. 20-141.4(a2)), 2 points.

(3)        For each prior adjudication of a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor offense, 1 point.

(3a)      For each prior conviction of a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor offense, excluding conviction for violation of the motor vehicle laws, 1 point.

(4)        If the juvenile was on probation at the time of offense, 2 points.

No points shall be assigned for a prior adjudication that a juvenile is in direct contempt of court or indirect contempt of court.

(c)        Delinquency History Levels. - The delinquency history levels are:

(1)        Low - No more than 1 point.

(2)        Medium - At least 2, but not more than 3 points.

(3)        High - At least 4 points.

In determining the delinquency history level, the classification of a prior offense is the classification assigned to that offense at the time the juvenile committed the offense for which disposition is being ordered.

(d)        Multiple Prior Adjudications or Convictions Obtained in One Court Session. - For purposes of determining the delinquency history level, if a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent or convicted for more than one offense in a single session of district court, only the adjudication or conviction for the offense with the highest point total is used.

(e)        Classification of Prior Adjudications or Convictions From Other Jurisdictions. - Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an adjudication or conviction occurring in a jurisdiction other than North Carolina is classified as a Class I felony if the jurisdiction in which the offense occurred classifies the offense as a felony, or is classified as a Class 3 misdemeanor if the jurisdiction in which the offense occurred classifies the offense as a misdemeanor. If the juvenile proves by the preponderance of the evidence that an offense classified as a felony in the other jurisdiction is substantially similar to an offense that is a misdemeanor in North Carolina, the adjudication or conviction is treated as that class of misdemeanor for assigning delinquency history level points. If the State proves by the preponderance of the evidence that an offense classified as either a misdemeanor or a felony in the other jurisdiction is substantially similar to an offense in North Carolina that is classified as a Class I felony or higher, the adjudication or conviction is treated as that class of felony for assigning delinquency history level points. If the State proves by the preponderance of the evidence that an offense classified as a misdemeanor in the other jurisdiction is substantially similar to an offense classified as a Class A1 misdemeanor in North Carolina, the adjudication or conviction is treated as a Class A1 misdemeanor for assigning delinquency history level points.

(f)         Proof of Prior Adjudications.Adjudications or Convictions. - A prior adjudication or conviction shall be proved by any of the following methods:

(1)        Stipulation of the parties.

(2)        An original or copy of the court record of the prior adjudication.adjudication or conviction.

(3)        A copy of records maintained by the Division of Criminal Information or by the Department.

(4)        Any other method found by the court to be reliable.

The State bears the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that a prior adjudication or conviction exists and that the juvenile before the court is the same person as the juvenile named in the prior adjudication.adjudication or conviction. The original or a copy of the court records or a copy of the records maintained by the Division of Criminal Information or of the Department, bearing the same name as that by which the juvenile is charged, is prima facie evidence that the juvenile named is the same person as the juvenile before the court, and that the facts set out in the record are true. For purposes of this subsection, "a copy" includes a paper writing containing a reproduction of a record maintained electronically on a computer or other data processing equipment, and a document produced by a facsimile machine. The prosecutor shall make all feasible efforts to obtain and present to the court the juvenile's full record. Evidence presented by either party at trial may be utilized to prove prior adjudications.adjudications or convictions. If asked by the juvenile, the prosecutor shall furnish the juvenile's prior adjudications or convictions to the juvenile within a reasonable time sufficient to allow the juvenile to determine if the record available to the prosecutor is accurate."

SECTION 10.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2513(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Pursuant to G.S. 7B-2506 and G.S. 7B-2508, the court may commit a delinquent juvenile who is at least 10 years of age to the Department for placement in a youth development center. Commitment shall be for an indefinite term of at least six months.

(a1)      In no event shall the term exceed:For an offense the juvenile committed prior to reaching the age of 16 years the term shall not exceed:

(1)        The twenty-first birthday of the juvenile if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be first-degree murder pursuant to G.S. 14-17, first-degree rape pursuant to G.S. 14-27.2, or first-degree sexual offense pursuant to G.S. 14-27.4 if committed by an adult;

(2)        The nineteenth birthday of the juvenile if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a Class B1, B2, C, D, or E felony if committed by an adult, other than an offense set forth in subdivision (1) of this subsection; or

(3)        The eighteenth birthday of the juvenile if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense other than an offense that would be a Class A, B1, B2, C, D, or E felony if committed by an adult.

(a2)      For an offense the juvenile committed while the juvenile was at least 16 years of age the term shall not exceed:

(1)        The 21st birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a felony or a Class A1 misdemeanor if committed by an adult; or

(2)        The 19th birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor if committed by an adult.

(a3)      Reserved.

(a4)      No juvenile shall be committed to a youth development center beyond the minimum six-month commitment for a period of time in excess of the maximum term of imprisonment for which an adult in prior record level VI for felonies or in prior conviction level III for misdemeanors could be sentenced for the same offense, except when the Department pursuant to G.S. 7B-2515 determines that the juvenile's commitment needs to be continued for an additional period of time to continue care or treatment under the plan of care or treatment developed under subsection (f) of this section. At the time of commitment to a youth development center, the court shall determine the maximum period of time the juvenile may remain committed before a determination must be made by the Department pursuant to G.S. 7B-2515 and shall notify the juvenile of that determination."

SECTION 10.(b)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-2513(a2) reads as rewritten:

"(a2)     For an offense the juvenile committed while the juvenile was at least 16 years of age but less than 17 years of age, the term shall not exceed:

(1)        The 21st birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a felony or a Class A1 misdemeanor if committed by an adult; or

(2)        The 19th birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor if committed by an adult."

SECTION 10.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 7B-2513(a3) reads as rewritten:

"(a3)     For an offense the juvenile committed while the juvenile was at least 17 years of age the term shall not exceed:

(1)        The 21st birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a felony or a Class A1 misdemeanor if committed by an adult; or

(2)        The 20th birthday if the juvenile has been committed to the Department for an offense that would be a Class 1, 2, or 3 misdemeanor if committed by an adult."

SECTION 11.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2515(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       In determining whether a juvenile who was committed to the Department for an offense that was committed prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 16 years should be released before the juvenile's 18th birthday, the Department shall consider the protection of the public and the likelihood that continued placement will lead to further rehabilitation. If the Department does not intend to release the juvenile who was committed for an offense that was committed prior to the juvenile reaching the age of 16 years prior to the juvenile's eighteenth birthday, or if the Department determines that the juvenile's commitment should be continued beyond the maximum commitment period as set forth in G.S. 7B-2513(a),G.S. 7B-2513(a1), the Department shall notify the juvenile and the juvenile's parent, guardian, or custodian in writing at least 30 days in advance of the juvenile's eighteenth birthday or the end of the maximum commitment period, of the additional specific commitment period proposed by the Department, the basis for extending the commitment period, and the plan for future care or treatment."

SECTION 12.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 7B-2603(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      Once an order of transfer has been entered by the district court, the juvenile has the right to be considered for pretrial release as provided in G.S. 15A-533 and G.S. 15A-534. Pending release, the juvenile shall be detained pursuant to G.S. 7B-2204. The release order shall specify the person or persons to whom the juvenile may be released. Pending release, the court shall order that the juvenile be detained in a detention facility while awaiting trial. The court may order the juvenile to be held in a holdover facility as defined by G.S. 7B-1501 at any time the presence of the juvenile is required in court for pretrial hearings or trial, if the court finds that it would be inconvenient to return the juvenile to the detention facility."

SECTION 13.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, the introductory language of G.S. 5A-31(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Each of the following, when done by an unemancipated minor who (i) is at least six years of age, (ii) is not yet 16 years and six months of age, and (iii) has not been convicted of any crime in superior court, is contempt by a juvenile:".

SECTION 13.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, the introductory language of G.S. 5A-31(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Each of the following, when done by an unemancipated minor who (i) is at least six years of age, (ii) is not yet 16 years and six months17 years of age, and (iii) has not been convicted of any crime in superior court, is contempt by a juvenile:".

SECTION 13.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, the introductory language of G.S. 5A-31(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Each of the following, when done by an unemancipated minor who (i) is at least six years of age, (ii) is not yet 17 years and six months of age, and (iii) has not been convicted of any crime in superior court, is contempt by a juvenile:".

SECTION 13.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, the introductory language of G.S. 5A-31(a) reads as rewritten:

"(a)       Each of the following, when done by an unemancipated minor who (i) is at least six years of age, (ii) is not yet 17 years and six months18 years of age, and (iii) has not been convicted of any crime in superior court, is contempt by a juvenile:".

SECTION 14.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 5A-34(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      The provisions of Article 1 and Article 2 of this Chapter apply to acts or omissions by a minor who:

(1)        Is 16 years and six months of age or older;

(2)        Is married or otherwise emancipated; or

(3)        Before the act or omission, was convicted in superior court of any criminal offense."

SECTION 14.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 5A-34(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      The provisions of Article 1 and Article 2 of this Chapter apply to acts or omissions by a minor who:

(1)        Is 16 years and six months17 years of age or older;

(2)        Is married or otherwise emancipated; or

(3)        Before the act or omission, was convicted in superior court of any criminal offense."

SECTION 14.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 5A-34(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      The provisions of Article 1 and Article 2 of this Chapter apply to acts or omissions by a minor who:

(1)        Is 17 years and six months of age or older;

(2)        Is married or otherwise emancipated; or

(3)        Before the act or omission, was convicted in superior court of any criminal offense."

SECTION 14.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 5A-34(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      The provisions of Article 1 and Article 2 of this Chapter apply to acts or omissions by a minor who:

(1)        Is 17 years and six months18 years of age or older;

(2)        Is married or otherwise emancipated; or

(3)        Before the act or omission, was convicted in superior court of any criminal offense."

SECTION 15.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 143B-515(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws.laws; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years and six months of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws."

SECTION 15.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 143B-515(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years and six months17 years of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws."

SECTION 15.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 143B-515(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 17 years and six months of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws."

SECTION 15.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 143B-515(7) reads as rewritten:

"(7)      Delinquent juvenile. -

a.         Any juvenile who, while less than 16 years of age but at least 6 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, including violation of the motor vehicle laws; or

b.         Any juvenile who, while less than 17 years and six months18 years of age but at least 16 years of age, commits a crime or infraction under State law or under an ordinance of local government, excluding violation of the motor vehicle laws."

SECTION 16.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 143B-516(b) reads as rewritten:

"(b)      The Secretary shall have the following powers and duties:

(19)      Provide for the transportation to and from any State or local juvenile facility, of any person under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for any purpose required by Chapter 7B of the General Statutes or upon order of the court."

SECTION 17.(a)  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 14-316.1 reads as rewritten:

" 14-316.1.  Contributing to delinquency and neglect by parents and others.

Any person who is at least 16 years and six months old who knowingly or willfully causes, encourages, or aids any juvenile within the jurisdiction of the court to be in a place or condition, or to commit an act whereby the juvenile could be adjudicated delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected as defined by G.S. 7B-101 and G.S. 7B-1501 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

It is not necessary for the district court exercising juvenile jurisdiction to make an adjudication that any juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected in order to prosecute a parent or any person, including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention under this section. An adjudication that a juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected shall not preclude a subsequent prosecution of a parent or any other person including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, who contributes to the delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected condition of any juvenile."

SECTION 17.(b)  Effective July 1, 2016, G.S. 14-316.1 reads as rewritten:

" 14-316.1.  Contributing to delinquency and neglect by parents and others.

Any person who is at least 16 years and six months17 years old who knowingly or willfully causes, encourages, or aids any juvenile within the jurisdiction of the court to be in a place or condition, or to commit an act whereby the juvenile could be adjudicated delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected as defined by G.S. 7B-101 and G.S. 7B-1501 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

It is not necessary for the district court exercising juvenile jurisdiction to make an adjudication that any juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected in order to prosecute a parent or any person, including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention under this section. An adjudication that a juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected shall not preclude a subsequent prosecution of a parent or any other person including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, who contributes to the delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected condition of any juvenile."

SECTION 17.(c)  Effective July 1, 2017, G.S. 14-316.1 reads as rewritten:

" 14-316.1.  Contributing to delinquency and neglect by parents and others.

Any person who is at least 17 years and six months old who knowingly or willfully causes, encourages, or aids any juvenile within the jurisdiction of the court to be in a place or condition, or to commit an act whereby the juvenile could be adjudicated delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected as defined by G.S. 7B-101 and G.S. 7B-1501 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

It is not necessary for the district court exercising juvenile jurisdiction to make an adjudication that any juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected in order to prosecute a parent or any person, including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention under this section. An adjudication that a juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected shall not preclude a subsequent prosecution of a parent or any other person including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, who contributes to the delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected condition of any juvenile."

SECTION 17.(d)  Effective July 1, 2018, G.S. 14-316.1 reads as rewritten:

" 14-316.1.  Contributing to delinquency and neglect by parents and others.

Any person who is at least 17 years and six months18 years old who knowingly or willfully causes, encourages, or aids any juvenile within the jurisdiction of the court to be in a place or condition, or to commit an act whereby the juvenile could be adjudicated delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected as defined by G.S. 7B-101 and G.S. 7B-1501 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.

It is not necessary for the district court exercising juvenile jurisdiction to make an adjudication that any juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected in order to prosecute a parent or any person, including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention under this section. An adjudication that a juvenile is delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected shall not preclude a subsequent prosecution of a parent or any other person including an employee of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, who contributes to the delinquent, undisciplined, abused, or neglected condition of any juvenile."

SECTION 18.  Effective July 1, 2015, G.S. 20-106 is recodified as G.S. 14-72.9.

SECTION 19.  For purposes of this act, the determination of a juvenile's age shall be from the date of birth in the month of birth to the same date in each calendar month.

SECTION 20.(a)  Section 18.9(f) of S.L. 2009-451 reads as rewritten:

"SECTION 18.9.(f)  Duties of Task Force. - The Task Force shall determine whether the State should amend the laws concerning persons 16 and 17 years of age who commit crimes or infractions, including a determination of whether the Juvenile Code or the Criminal Procedure Act should be revised to provide appropriate sanctions, services, and treatment for those offenders and a study of expanding the jurisdiction of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to include persons 16 and 17 years of age who commit crimes or infractions.  As part of its study, the Task Force shall also develop an implementation plan that may be used if it is determined that it is appropriate to expand the jurisdiction of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to include persons 16 and 17 years of age who commit crimes or infractions.  In particular, the Task Force shall consider all of the following:

(1)        The costs to the State court system and State and local law enforcement.

(2)        The relevant State laws that should be conformed or amended as a result of revising the definition of delinquent juvenile to include 16- and 17-year-old persons, including the motor vehicle and criminal laws, the laws regarding expunction of criminal records, and other juvenile laws. The Task Force shall make recommendations to the General Assembly regarding proposed legislative amendments.

(3)        Proposals to eliminate the racial disparity in complaints, commitments, community program availability, utilization and success rates, and other key decision and impact points in the juvenile justice process.

(4)        Proposals regarding community programs that would provide rehabilitative services to juveniles in a treatment-oriented environment and incorporate best practices as recommended in subdivision (3) of this subsection.

(5)        The total cost of expanding the jurisdiction of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to include persons who are 16 and 17 years of age who commit crimes or infractions under State law or under an ordinance of local government.

(6)        The implications of revising the definition of delinquent juvenile to include 16- and 17-year-olds, as it relates to other laws based on age, including laws requiring school attendance and drivers license laws.

(7)        Whether standards should be established for determining when a juvenile should be transferred to superior court, including whether there should be presumptions that certain offenses should or should not result in a transfer to superior court.

(8)        Whether a 16- or 17-year-old who is alleged to have committed a felony motor vehicle offense should be considered a juvenile or an adult.

(9)        Any other related issues that the Task Force considers necessary.

Upon enactment of legislation expanding the jurisdiction of the Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to include persons 16 and 17 years of age who commit crimes or infractions, the Task Force shall monitor and review the implementation of the expansion and shall make additional recommendations to the General Assembly as necessary."

SECTION 20.(b)  Effective January 14, 2011, Section 18.9(h) of S.L. 2009-451 reads as rewritten:

"SECTION 18.9.(h)  Report. - The Task Force shall submit an interim report to the 2010 Regular Session of the 2009 General Assembly, with copies to the Joint Legislative Corrections, Crime Control, and Juvenile Justice Oversight Committee and to the Appropriations Subcommittees on Justice and Public Safety of both houses and shall submit a final report of its findings and recommendations, including legislative, administrative, and funding recommendations, by January 15, 2011,January 15, 2019, to the General Assembly, the Governor, and the citizens of the State. The Task Force shall terminate upon filing its final report."

SECTION 21.  Except as otherwise provided in this act, this act is effective when it becomes law.