GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE BILL 310
Committee Substitute Favorable 5/18/17
Corrected Copy 5/19/17
Short Title: Wireless Communications Infrastructure Siting.
March 13, 2017
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to Reform collocation of small wireless communications infrastructure to aid in deployment of new technologies.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. The General Assembly finds the following:
(1) The design, engineering, permitting, construction, modification, maintenance, and operation of wireless facilities are instrumental to the provision of emergency services and to increasing access to advanced technology and information for the citizens of North Carolina.
(2) Cities and counties play a key role in facilitating the use of the public rights‑of‑way.
(3) Wireless services providers and wireless infrastructure providers must have access to the public rights‑of‑way and the ability to attach to poles and structures in the public rights‑of‑way to densify their networks and provide next generation services.
(4) Small wireless facilities, including facilities commonly referred to as small cells and distributed antenna systems, often may be deployed most effectively in the public rights‑of‑way.
(5) Expeditious processes and reasonable and nondiscriminatory rates, fees, and terms related to such deployments are essential to the construction and maintenance of wireless facilities.
(6) Wireless facilities help ensure the State remain competitive in the global economy.
(7) The timely design, engineering, permitting, construction, modification, maintenance, and operation of wireless facilities are matters of statewide concern and interest.
SECTION 2.(a) G.S. 160A‑400.51(4a) is recodified as G.S. 160A‑400.51(4d).
SECTION 2.(b) G.S. 160A‑400.51(7a) is recodified as G.S. 160A‑400.51(7b).
SECTION 2.(c) Part 3E of Article 19 of Chapter 160A of the General Statutes, as amended by subsections (a) and (b) of this section, reads as rewritten:
"Part 3E. Wireless Telecommunications Facilities.
"§ 160A‑400.50. Purpose and compliance with federal law.
(c) This Part shall not be construed to authorize a city to require the construction or installation of wireless facilities or to regulate wireless services other than as set forth herein.
"§ 160A‑400.51. Definitions.
The following definitions apply in this Part.
(1) Antenna. Communications equipment that transmits, receives, or transmits and receives electromagnetic radio signals used in the provision of all types of wireless communications services.
(1a) Applicable codes. The North Carolina State Building Code and any other uniform building, fire, electrical, plumbing, or mechanical codes adopted by a recognized national code organization together with State or local amendments to those codes enacted solely to address imminent threats of destruction of property or injury to persons.
formal request submitted to the city to construct or modify a wireless support
structure or a wireless facility.A
request that is submitted by an applicant to a city for a permit to collocate
wireless facilities or to approve the installation, modification, or
replacement of a utility pole, city utility pole, or wireless support
(2a) Base station. A station at a specific site authorized to communicate with mobile stations, generally consisting of radio receivers, antennas, coaxial cables, power supplies, and other associated electronics.
(3) Building permit. An official administrative authorization issued by the city prior to beginning construction consistent with the provisions of G.S. 160A‑417.
(3a) City right‑of‑way. A right‑of‑way owned, leased, or operated by a city, including any public street or alley that is not a part of the State highway system.
(3b) City utility pole. A pole owned by a city in the city right‑of‑way that provides lighting, traffic control, or a similar function.
(4) Collocation. The
or installation placement, installation, maintenance, modification,
operation, or replacement of wireless facilities on on, under,
within, or on the surface of the earth adjacent to existing structures,
including electrical transmission towers,utility poles, city utility
poles, water towers, buildings, and other structures capable of
structurally supporting the attachment of wireless facilities in compliance
with applicable codes. The term "collocation" does not include the
installation of new utility poles, city utility poles, or wireless support
(4a) Communications facility. The set of equipment and network components, including wires and cables and associated facilities used by a communications service provider to provide communications service.
(4b) Communications service. Cable service as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 522(6), information service as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 153(24), telecommunications service as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 153(53), or wireless services.
(4c) Communications service provider. A cable operator as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 522(5), a provider of information service, as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 153(24); a telecommunications carrier, as defined in 47 U.S.C. § 153(51), or a wireless provider.
(4d) Eligible facilities request. A request for modification of an existing wireless tower or base station that involves collocation of new transmission equipment or replacement of transmission equipment but does not include a substantial modification.
(5) Equipment compound. An area surrounding or near the base of a wireless support structure within which a wireless facility is located.
(5a) Fall zone. The area in which a wireless support structure may be expected to fall in the event of a structural failure, as measured by engineering standards.
(6) Land development regulation. Any ordinance enacted pursuant to this Part.
(6a) Micro wireless facility. A small wireless facility that is no larger in dimension than 24 inches in length, 15 inches in width, and 12 inches in height and that has an exterior antenna, if any, no longer than 11 inches.
(7) Search ring. The area within which a wireless support facility or wireless facility must be located in order to meet service objectives of the wireless service provider using the wireless facility or wireless support structure.
(7a) Small wireless facility. A wireless facility that meets both of the following qualifications:
a. Each antenna is located inside an enclosure of no more than six cubic feet in volume or, in the case of an antenna that has exposed elements, the antenna and all of its exposed elements, if enclosed, could fit within an enclosure of no more than six cubic feet.
b. All other wireless equipment associated with the facility has a cumulative volume of no more than 28 cubic feet. For purposes of this sub‑subdivision, the following types of ancillary equipment are not included in the calculation of equipment volume: electric meters, concealment elements, telecommunications demarcation boxes, ground‑based enclosures, grounding equipment, power transfer switches, cut‑off switches, vertical cable runs for the connection of power and other services, or other support structures.
(7b) Substantial modification. The mounting of a proposed wireless facility on a wireless support structure that substantially changes the physical dimensions of the support structure. A mounting is presumed to be a substantial modification if it meets any one or more of the criteria listed below. The burden is on the local government to demonstrate that a mounting that does not meet the listed criteria constitutes a substantial change to the physical dimensions of the wireless support structure.
a. Increasing the existing vertical height of the structure by the greater of (i) more than ten percent (10%) or (ii) the height of one additional antenna array with separation from the nearest existing antenna not to exceed 20 feet.
b. Except where necessary to shelter the antenna from inclement weather or to connect the antenna to the tower via cable, adding an appurtenance to the body of a wireless support structure that protrudes horizontally from the edge of the wireless support structure the greater of (i) more than 20 feet or (ii) more than the width of the wireless support structure at the level of the appurtenance.
c. Increasing the square footage of the existing equipment compound by more than 2,500 square feet.
(8) Utility pole. A
structure that is designed for and used to carry lines, cables,
or wires wires,
lighting facilities, or small wireless facilities for telephone, cable
television, or electricity, or to provide lighting.lighting, or
(8a) Water tower. A water storage tank, a standpipe, or an elevated tank situated on a support structure originally constructed for use as a reservoir or facility to store or deliver water.
(9) Wireless facility.
set of equipment and network components, exclusive of the underlying wireless
support structure or tower, including antennas, transmitters, receivers, base
stations, power supplies, cabling, and associated equipment necessary to
provide wireless data and wireless telecommunications services to a discrete
geographic area.Equipment at a fixed
location that enables wireless communications between user equipment and a
communications network, including (i) equipment associated with wireless
communications and (ii) radio transceivers, antennas, wires, coaxial or fiber‑optic
cable, regular and backup power supplies, and comparable equipment, regardless
of technological configuration. The term includes small wireless facilities.
The term shall not include any of the following:
a. The structure or improvements on, under, within, or adjacent to which the equipment is collocated.
b. Wireline backhaul facilities.
c. Coaxial or fiber‑optic cable that is between wireless structures or utility poles or city utility poles or that is otherwise not immediately adjacent to or directly associated with a particular antenna.
(9a) Wireless infrastructure provider. Any person with a certificate to provide telecommunications service in the State who builds or installs wireless communication transmission equipment, wireless facilities, or wireless support structures for small wireless facilities but that does not provide wireless services.
(9b) Wireless provider. A wireless infrastructure provider or a wireless services provider.
(9c) Wireless services. Any services, using licensed or unlicensed wireless spectrum, including the use of Wi‑Fi, whether at a fixed location or mobile, provided to the public using wireless facilities.
(9d) Wireless services provider. A person who provides wireless services.
(10) Wireless support structure. A new or existing structure, such as a monopole, lattice tower, or guyed tower that is designed to support or capable of supporting wireless facilities. A utility pole or a city utility pole is not a wireless support structure.
"§ 160A‑400.54. Collocation of small wireless facilities.
(a) Except as expressly provided in this Part, a city shall not prohibit, regulate, or charge for the collocation of small wireless facilities.
(b) A city may not establish a moratorium on (i) filing, receiving, or processing applications or (ii) issuing permits or any other approvals for the collocation of small wireless facilities.
(c) Small wireless facilities that meet the height requirements of G.S. 160A‑400.55(b)(2) shall only be subject to administrative review and approval under subsection (d) of this section if they are collocated (i) in a city right‑of‑way within any zoning district or (ii) outside of rights‑of‑way on property other than single‑family residential property.
(d) A city may require an applicant to obtain a permit to collocate a small wireless facility. A city shall receive applications for, process, and issue such permits subject to the following requirements:
(1) A city may not, directly or indirectly, require an applicant to perform services unrelated to the collocation for which approval is sought. For purposes of this subdivision, "services unrelated to the collocation," includes in‑kind contributions to the city such as the reservation of fiber, conduit, or pole space for the city.
(2) The wireless provider completes an application as specified in form and content by the city. A wireless provider shall not be required to provide more information to obtain a permit than communications service providers that are not wireless providers.
(3) A permit application shall be deemed complete unless the city provides notice otherwise in writing to the applicant within 30 days of submission or within some other mutually agreed upon time frame. The notice shall identify the deficiencies in the application which, if cured, would make the application complete. The application shall be deemed complete on resubmission if the additional materials cure the deficiencies identified.
(4) The permit application shall be processed on a nondiscriminatory basis and shall be deemed approved if the city fails to approve or deny the application within 45 days from the time the application is deemed complete or a mutually agreed upon time frame between the city and the applicant.
(5) A city may deny an application only on the basis that it does not meet any of the following: (i) the city's applicable codes; (ii) local code provisions or regulations that concern public safety, objective design standards for decorative utility poles, city utility poles, or reasonable and nondiscriminatory stealth and concealment requirements, including screening or landscaping for ground‑mounted equipment; (iii) public safety and reasonable spacing requirements concerning the location of ground‑mounted equipment in a right‑of‑way; or (iv) the historic preservation requirements in subsection 160A‑400.55(h). The city must (i) document the basis for a denial, including the specific code provisions on which the denial was based and (ii) send the documentation to the applicant on or before the day the city denies an application. The applicant may cure the deficiencies identified by the city and resubmit the application within 30 days of the denial without paying an additional application fee. The city shall approve or deny the revised application within 30 days of the date on which the application was resubmitted. Any subsequent review shall be limited to the deficiencies cited in the prior denial.
(6) An application must include an attestation that the small wireless facilities shall be collocated on the utility pole, city utility pole, or wireless support structure and that the small wireless facilities shall be activated for use by a wireless services provider to provide service no later than one year from the permit issuance date, unless the city and the wireless provider agree to extend this period or a delay is caused by a lack of commercial power at the site.
(7) An applicant seeking to collocate small wireless facilities at multiple locations within the jurisdiction of a city shall be allowed at the applicant's discretion to file a consolidated application for no more than 25 separate facilities and receive a permit for the collocation of all the small wireless facilities meeting the requirements of this section. A city may remove small wireless facility collocations from a consolidated application and treat separately small wireless facility collocations (i) for which incomplete information has been provided or (ii) that are denied. The city may issue a separate permit for each collocation that is approved.
(8) The permit may specify that collocation of the small wireless facility shall commence within six months of approval and shall be activated for use no later than one year from the permit issuance date, unless the city and the wireless provider agree to extend this period or a delay is caused by a lack of commercial power at the site.
(e) A city may charge an application fee that shall not exceed the lesser of (i) the actual, direct, and reasonable costs to process and review applications for collocated small wireless facilities; (ii) the amount charged by the city for permitting of any similar activity; or (iii) one hundred dollars ($100.00) per facility for the first five small wireless facilities addressed in an application, plus fifty dollars ($50.00) for each additional small wireless facility addressed in the application. In any dispute concerning the appropriateness of a fee, the city has the burden of proving that the fee meets the requirements of this subsection.
(f) A city may impose a technical consulting fee for each application, not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00), to offset the cost of reviewing and processing applications required by this section. The fee must be based on the actual, direct, and reasonable administrative costs incurred for the review, processing, and approval of an application. A city may engage a third‑party consultant for technical consultation and the review of an application. The fee imposed by a city for the review of the application shall not be used for either of the following:
(1) Travel expenses incurred in a third party's review of a collocation application.
(2) Direct payment or reimbursement for a consultant or other third party based on a contingent fee basis or results‑based arrangement.
In any dispute concerning the appropriateness of a fee, the city has the burden of proving that the fee meets the requirements of this subsection.
(g) A city may require a wireless services provider to remove an abandoned wireless facility within 180 days of abandonment. Should the wireless services provider fail to timely remove the abandoned wireless facility, the city may cause such wireless facility to be removed and may recover the actual cost of such removal, including legal fees, if any, from the wireless services provider. For purposes of this subsection, a wireless facility shall be deemed abandoned at the earlier of the date that the wireless services provider indicates that it is abandoning such facility or the date that is 180 days after the date that such wireless facility ceases to transmit a signal, unless the wireless services provider gives the city reasonable evidence that it is diligently working to place such wireless facility back in service.
(h) A city shall not require an application or permit for (i) routine maintenance; (ii) the replacement of small wireless facilities with small wireless facilities that are the same size or smaller; or (iii) installation, placement, maintenance, or replacement of micro wireless facilities that are suspended on cables strung between existing utility poles or city utility poles in compliance with applicable codes by or for a communications service provider authorized to occupy the rights‑of‑way and who is remitting taxes under G.S. 105‑164.4(a)(4c) or G.S. 105‑164.4(a)(6).
(i) Nothing in this section shall prevent a city from requiring a work permit for work that involves excavation, affects traffic patterns, or obstructs vehicular traffic in the city right‑of‑way.
"§ 160A‑400.55. Use of public right‑of‑way.
(a) A city shall not enter into an exclusive arrangement with any person for use of city rights‑of‑way for the construction, operation, marketing, or maintenance of wireless facilities or wireless support structures or the collocation of small wireless facilities.
(b) Subject to the requirements of G.S. 160A‑400.54, a wireless provider may collocate small wireless facilities along, across, upon, or under any city right‑of‑way. Subject to the requirements of this section, a wireless provider may place, maintain, modify, operate, or replace associated utility poles, city utility poles, conduit, cable, or related appurtenances and facilities along, across, upon, and under any city right‑of‑way. The placement, maintenance, modification, operation, or replacement of utility poles and city utility poles associated with the collocation of small wireless facilities, along, across, upon, or under any city right‑of‑way shall be subject only to review or approval under subsection (d) of G.S. 160A‑400.54 if the wireless provider meets all the following requirements:
(1) Each new utility pole and each modified or replacement utility pole or city utility pole installed in the right‑of‑way shall not exceed 50 feet above ground level.
(2) Each new small wireless facility in the right‑of‑way shall not extend more than 10 feet above the utility pole, city utility pole, or wireless support structure on which it is collocated.
(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a city from allowing utility poles, city utility poles, or wireless facilities that exceed the limits set forth in subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of this section.
(d) Applicants for use of a city right‑of‑way shall comply with a city's undergrounding requirements prohibiting the installation of above‑ground structures in the rights‑of‑way without prior zoning approval, if those requirements (i) are nondiscriminatory with respect to type of utility, (ii) do not prohibit the replacement of structures existing at the time of adoption of the requirements, and (iii) have a waiver process.
(e) Except as provided in this part, a city may assess a right‑of‑way charge under this section for use or occupation of the right‑of‑way by a wireless provider, subject to the restrictions set forth under G.S. 160A‑296(a)(6). In addition, charges authorized by this section shall meet all of the following requirements:
(1) The right‑of‑way charge shall not exceed the direct and actual cost of managing the rights‑of‑way and shall not be based on the wireless provider's revenue or customer counts.
(2) The right‑of‑way charge shall not exceed that imposed on other users of the right‑of‑way, including publicly, cooperatively, or municipally owned utilities.
(3) The right‑of‑way charge shall be reasonable and nondiscriminatory.
Nothing in this subsection is intended to establish or otherwise affect rates charged for attachments to utility poles, city utility poles, or wireless support structures. At its discretion, a city may provide free access to city rights‑of‑way on a nondiscriminatory basis in order to facilitate the public benefits of the deployment of wireless services.
(f) Nothing in this section is intended to authorize a person to place, maintain, modify, operate, or replace a privately owned utility pole or wireless support structure or to collocate small wireless facilities on a privately owned utility pole, a privately owned wireless support structure, or other private property without the consent of the property owner.
(g) A city may require a wireless provider to repair all damage to a city right‑of‑way directly caused by the activities of the wireless provider, while occupying, installing, repairing, or maintaining wireless facilities, wireless support structures, city utility poles, or utility poles and to return the right‑of‑way to its functional equivalence before the damage. If the wireless provider fails to make the repairs required by the city within a reasonable time after written notice, the city may undertake those repairs and charge the applicable party the reasonable and documented cost of the repairs. The city may maintain an action to recover the costs of the repairs.
(h) This section shall not be construed to limit local government authority to enforce historic preservation zoning regulations consistent with Part 3C of Article 19 of this Chapter, the preservation of local zoning authority under 47 U.S.C. § 332(c)(7), the requirements for facility modifications under 47 U.S.C. § 1455(a), or the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, 54 U.S.C. § 300101, et seq., as amended, and the regulations, local acts, and city charter provisions adopted to implement those laws.
(i) A wireless provider may apply to a city to place utility poles in the public rights‑of‑way, or to replace or modify utility poles or city utility poles in the public rights‑of way, to support the collocation of small wireless facilities. A city shall accept and process the application in accordance with the provisions of G.S. 160A‑400.54(d), applicable codes, and other local codes governing the placement of utility poles or city utility poles in the public rights‑of‑way, including provisions or regulations that concern public safety, objective design standards for decorative utility poles or city utility poles, or reasonable and nondiscriminatory stealth and concealment requirements, including those relating to screening or landscaping, or public safety and reasonable spacing requirements. The application may be submitted in conjunction with the associated small wireless facility application.
"§ 160A‑400.56. Access to city utility poles.
(a) A city may not enter into an exclusive arrangement with any person for the right to collocate small wireless facilities on city utility poles. A city shall allow any wireless provider to collocate small wireless facilities on its city utility poles at just, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory rates, terms, and conditions, but in no instance may the rate exceed fifty dollars ($50.00) per city utility pole per year. The North Carolina Utilities Commission shall not consider this subsection as evidence in a proceeding initiated pursuant to G.S. 62‑350(c).
(b) A request to collocate under this section may be denied only if there is insufficient capacity or for reasons of safety, reliability, and generally applicable engineering principles, and those limitations cannot be remedied by rearranging, expanding, or otherwise reengineering the facilities at the reasonable and actual cost of the city to be reimbursed by the wireless provider. In granting a request under this section, a city shall require the requesting entity to comply with applicable safety requirements, including the National Electrical Safety Code and the applicable rules and regulations issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
(c) If a city that operates a public enterprise as permitted by Article 16 of this Chapter has an existing city utility pole attachment rate, fee, or other term with an entity, then, subject to termination provisions, that attachment rate, fee, or other term shall apply to collocations by that entity or its related entities on city utility poles.
(d) Following receipt of the first request from a wireless provider to collocate on a city utility pole, a city shall, within 60 days, establish the rates, terms, and conditions for the use of or attachment to the city utility poles that it owns or controls. Upon request, a party shall state in writing its objections to any proposed rate, terms, and conditions of the other party.
(e) In any controversy concerning the appropriateness of a rate for a collocation attachment to a city utility pole, the city has the burden of proving that the rates are reasonably related to the actual, direct, and reasonable costs incurred for use of space on the pole for such period.
(f) The city shall provide a good‑faith estimate for any make‑ready work necessary to enable the city utility pole to support the requested collocation, including pole replacement if necessary, within 60 days after receipt of a complete application. Make‑ready work, including any pole replacement, shall be completed within 60 days of written acceptance of the good‑faith estimate by the applicant. For purposes of this section, the term "make‑ready work" means any modification or replacement of a city utility pole necessary for the city utility pole to support a small wireless facility in compliance with applicable safety requirements, including the National Electrical Safety Code, that is performed in preparation for a collocation installation.
(g) The city shall not require more make‑ready work than that required to meet applicable codes or industry standards. Fees for make‑ready work shall not include costs related to preexisting or prior damage or noncompliance. Fees for make‑ready work, including any pole replacement, shall not exceed actual costs or the amount charged to other communications service providers for similar work and shall not include any consultant fees or expenses.
(h) Nothing in this section shall be construed to apply to an entity whose poles, ducts, and conduits are subject to regulation under section 224 of the Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C. § 151, et seq., as amended, or under G.S. 62‑350.
(i) This section shall not apply to an excluded entity. Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the authority of an excluded entity to deny, limit, restrict, or determine the rates, fees, terms, and conditions for the use of or attachment to its utility poles, city utility poles, or wireless support structures by a wireless provider. This section shall not be construed to alter or affect the provisions of G.S. 62‑350, and the rates, terms, or conditions for the use of poles, ducts, or conduits by communications service providers, as defined in G.S. 62‑350, are governed solely by G.S. 62‑350. For purposes of this section, "excluded entity" means (i) a city that owns or operates a public enterprise pursuant to Article 16 of this Chapter consisting of an electric power generation, transmission, or distribution system or (ii) an electric membership corporation organized under Chapter 117 of the General Statutes that owns or controls poles, ducts, or conduits, but which is exempt from regulation under section 224 of the Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C. § 151 et seq., as amended.
"§ 160A‑400.57. Applicability.
(a) A city shall not adopt or enforce any ordinance, rule, regulation, or resolution that regulates the design, engineering, construction, installation, or operation of any small wireless facility located in an interior structure or upon the site of any stadium or athletic facility. This subsection does not apply to a stadium or athletic facility owned or otherwise controlled by the city. This subsection does not prohibit the enforcement of applicable codes.
(b) Nothing contained in this Part shall amend, modify, or otherwise affect any private easement. Any and all rights for the use of a right‑of‑way are subject to the rights granted pursuant to a private easement.
(c) Except as provided in this Part or otherwise specifically authorized by the General Statutes, a city may not adopt or enforce any regulation on the placement or operation of communications facilities in the rights‑of‑way by a provider authorized by State law to operate in the rights‑of‑way and may not regulate any communications services.
(d) Except as provided in this Part or specifically authorized by the General Statutes, a city may not impose or collect any tax, fee, or charge to provide a communications service over a communications facility in the right‑of‑way.
(e) The approval of the installation, placement, maintenance, or operation of a small wireless facility pursuant to this Part does not authorize the provision of any communications services or the installation, placement, maintenance, or operation of any communications facility, including a wireline backhaul facility, other than a small wireless facility, in the right‑of‑way."
SECTION 3.(a) G.S. 136‑18 reads as rewritten:
"§ 136‑18. Powers of Department of Transportation.
The said Department of Transportation is vested with the following powers:
(10) To make proper and reasonable rules, regulations and ordinances for the placing or erection of telephone, telegraph, electric and other lines, above or below ground, wireless facilities, signboards, fences, gas, water, sewerage, oil, or other pipelines, and other similar obstructions that may, in the opinion of the Department of Transportation, contribute to the hazard upon any of the said highways or in any way interfere with the same, and to make reasonable rules and regulations for the proper control thereof. And whenever the order of the said Department of Transportation shall require the removal of, or changes in, the location of telephone, telegraph, electric or other lines, wireless facilities, signboards, fences, gas, water, sewerage, oil, or other pipelines, or other similar obstructions, the owners thereof shall at their own expense, except as provided in G.S. 136‑19.5(c), move or change the same to conform to the order of said Department of Transportation. Any violation of such rules and regulations or noncompliance with such orders shall constitute a Class 1 misdemeanor. For purposes of this subdivision, "wireless facilities" shall have the definition set forth in G.S. 160A‑400.51.
SECTION 3.(b) Article 2 of Chapter 136 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 136‑18.3A. Wireless communications infrastructure.
(a) The definitions set forth in G.S. 160A‑400.51 shall apply to this section.
(b) The Department of Transportation is authorized to issue permits to wireless providers for the collocation of wireless facilities and the construction, operation, modification, or maintenance of utility poles, wireless support structures, conduit, cable, and related appurtenances and facilities for the provision of wireless services along, across, upon, or under the rights‑of‑way of State‑maintained highways. The permits and included requirements shall be issued and administered in a reasonable and nondiscriminatory manner.
(c) The Department of Transportation shall take action to approve or deny a permit application under this section within a reasonable period of time of receiving the application from a wireless provider.
(d) The collocation of small wireless facilities and the construction, operation, modification, or maintenance of utility poles, wireless support structures, conduit, cable, and related appurtenances and facilities for the provision of small wireless facilities along, across, upon, or under the rights‑of‑way of State‑maintained highways shall be subject to all of the following requirements:
(1) The structures and facilities shall not obstruct or hinder the usual travel or public safety on any rights‑of‑way of State‑maintained highways or obstruct the legal use of such rights‑of‑way by other utilities.
(2) Each new or modified utility pole and wireless support structure installed in the right‑of‑way of State‑maintained highways shall not exceed the greater of (i) 10 feet in height above the height of the tallest existing utility pole, other than a utility pole supporting only wireless facilities, in place as of July 1, 2017, located within 500 feet of the new pole in the same rights‑of‑way or (ii) 50 feet above ground level.
(3) Each new small wireless facility in the right‑of‑way shall not extend (i) more than 10 feet above an existing utility pole, other than a utility pole supporting only wireless facilities, or wireless support structure in place as of July 1, 2017, or (ii) above the height permitted for a new utility pole or wireless support structure under subdivision (2) of this section."
SECTION 4. This act is effective when it becomes law.