Select committees are established by the House of Representatives or the Senate for limited periods and purposes. This often occurs because the existing standing committee system does not address an issue comprehensively, or because a particular event sparks interest in an investigation. The appointment and authorization of a Select Committee is sometimes done by a letter of authorization issued by the Speaker of the House of Representatives or the President Pro Tempore of the Senate. The letter of authorization outlines the Committee's duties and powers and generally directs the Committee to prepare a report or make recommendations based on its findings. A Select Committee generally expires on a specified date, or upon completion of its assigned duties and the filing of its report.
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