GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2012-172
HOUSE BILL 853
AN ACT to AMEND local intake procedures for receiving delinquency and undisciplined complaints under the laws pertaining to undisciplined and delinquent juveniles, to authorizE MONITORING OF COUNTY DETENTION CENTERS BY the department of PUBLIC SAFETY, TO AMEND LAWS ON STATE STANDARDS FOR JUVENILE DETENTION AND LOCAL JAILS, to cORRECT REFERENCES TO THE AGENCY RESPONSIBLE FOR JUVENILE DETENTION, AND TO PROVIDE PROCEDURES FOR REVIEW OF JUVENILES ON protective SUPERVISION.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 7B-1803(a) reads as rewritten:
All complaints concerning a juvenile alleged to be delinquent or undisciplined
shall be referred to the juvenile court counselor for screening and evaluation.
Thereafter, if the juvenile court counselor determines that a petition should
be filed, the petition shall be drawn by the juvenile court counselor or the
clerk, signed by the complainant, and verified before an official authorized to
administer oaths. If the circumstances indicate a need for immediate attachment
of jurisdiction and if the juvenile court counselor is out of the county or
otherwise unavailable to receive a complaint and to draw a petition when it is
needed, the clerk shall assist the complainant in communicating the complaint
to the juvenile court counselor by telephone and, with the approval of the
juvenile court counselor, shall draw a petition and file it when signed and
verified. A copy of the complaint and petition shall be transmitted to the
juvenile court counselor.
Procedures for receiving delinquency and
undisciplined complaints and drawing petitions thereon, consistent with this
Article and Article 17 of this Chapter, shall be established by administrative
order of the chief judge in each judicial district."
SECTION 2. G.S. 153A-221.1 reads as rewritten:
"§ 153A-221.1. Standards and inspections.
The legal responsibility of the
of Health and Human Services and the Social Services CommissionChief
Deputy Secretary of Juvenile Justice of the Department of Public Safety for
State services to county juvenile detention homes under this Article is hereby
confirmed and shall include the following: development of State standards under
the prescribed procedures; inspection; consultation; technical assistance; and
The Secretary of Health and Human
Services, in consultation with the Chief Deputy Secretary of Juvenile
Justice of the Department of Public Safety, shall also develop standards
under which a local jail may be approved as a holdover facility for not more
than five calendar days pending placement in a juvenile detention home which
meets State standards, providing the local jail is so arranged that any child
placed in the holdover facility cannot converse with, see, or be seen by the
adult population of the jail while in the holdover facility. The personnel
responsible for the administration of a jail with an approved holdover facility
shall provide close supervision of any child placed in the holdover facility
for the protection of the child."
SECTION 3. G.S. 7B-1903(b)(7) and (8) read as rewritten:
The juvenile is alleged to be undisciplined by virtue of the juvenile's being a
runaway and is inappropriate for nonsecure custody placement or refuses
nonsecure custody, and the court finds that the juvenile needs secure custody
for up to 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and State holidays,
where circumstances require, for a period not to exceed 72 hours to
evaluate the juvenile's need for medical or psychiatric treatment or to
facilitate reunion with the juvenile's parents, guardian, or custodian.
The juvenile is alleged to be undisciplined and has willfully failed to appear
in court after proper notice; the juvenile shall be brought to court as soon as
possible and in no event should be held more than 24 hours, excluding
Saturdays, Sundays, and State
holidays or where circumstances require for a
period not to exceed 72 hours.holidays."
SECTION 4. G.S. 7B-1905(b) reads as rewritten:
Pursuant to G.S. 7B-1903(b), (c), or (d), a juvenile may be temporarily
detained in an approved detention facility which shall be separate from any
jail, lockup, prison, or other adult penal institution, except as provided in
subsection (c) of this section. It shall be unlawful for a county or any unit
of government to operate a juvenile detention facility unless the facility
meets the standards and rules adopted by the Department of
Health and Human
SECTION 5. G.S. 7B-2505 reads as rewritten:
Contempt of court for undisciplined juveniles.Violation
of protective supervision by undisciplined juvenile. Upon motion of the juvenile
court counselor or on the court's own motion, the court may issue an order
directing a juvenile who has been adjudicated undisciplined to appear and show
cause why the juvenile should not be held in contempt for willfully failing to
comply with an order of the court. The first time the juvenile is held in
contempt, the court may order the juvenile confined in an approved detention
facility for a period not to exceed 24 hours. The second time the juvenile is
held in contempt, the court may order the juvenile confined in an approved
detention facility for a period not to exceed three days. The third time and
all subsequent times the juvenile is held in contempt, the court may order the
juvenile confined in an approved detention facility for a period not to exceed
five days. The timing of any confinement under this section shall be determined
by the court in its discretion. In no event shall a juvenile held in contempt
pursuant to this section be confined for more than 14 days in one 12-month
(a) On motion of the juvenile court counselor or the juvenile, or on the court's own motion, the court may review the progress of any juvenile on protective supervision at any time during the period of protective supervision. When the motion is filed during the period of protective supervision and either alleges a violation of protective supervision or seeks an extension of protective supervision as permitted by G.S. 7B-2503(2), the court's review may occur within a reasonable time after the period of protective supervision ends, and the court shall have jurisdiction to enter an order under this section. The conditions or duration of protective supervision may be modified only as provided in this Subchapter and only after notice and a hearing.
(b) If the court, after notice and a hearing, finds by the greater weight of the evidence that the juvenile has violated the conditions of protective supervision set by the court, the court may do one or more of the following:
(1) Continue or modify the conditions of protective supervision.
(2) Order any disposition authorized by G.S. 7B-2503.
(3) Notwithstanding the time limitation in G.S. 7B-2503(2), extend the period of protective supervision for up to three months."
SECTION 6. Sections 3 and 5 of this act become effective October 1, 2012. Section 4 of this act becomes effective January 1, 2013, and the remainder of this act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 29th day of June, 2012.
s/ Neal Hunt
Presiding Officer of the Senate
s/ Paul Stam
Presiding Officer of the House of Representatives
s/ Beverly E. Perdue
Approved 4:43 p.m. this 12th day of July, 2012