GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2017-27
HOUSE BILL 454
AN ACT to modernize and make changes to the recording requirements for plats and subdivisions and to eliminate the use of control corners in favor of grid control in the preparation of plats and subdivisions.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 47‑30 reads as rewritten:
"§ 47‑30. Plats and subdivisions; mapping requirements.
(a) Size Requirements. – All
land plats presented to the register of deeds for recording in the registry of
a county in North Carolina after September 30, 1991, having an outside marginal
size of either 18 inches by 24 inches, 21 inches by 30 inches, or 24 inches by
and and, for landscape format, having a minimum one
and one‑half inch border on the left side or, for portrait format, one
and one‑half inch border on the top side and a minimum one‑half
inch border on the other sides shall be deemed to meet the size requirements
for recording under this section. Where size of land areas, or suitable scale
to assure legibility require, plats may be placed on two or more sheets with
appropriate match lines. Counties may specify either:
(1) Only 18 inches by 24 inches;
(2) A combination of 18 inches by 24 inches and 21 inches by 30 inches;
(3) A combination of 18 inches by 24 inches and 24 inches by 36 inches; or
(4) A combination of all three sizes.
Provided, that all registers of deeds where specific sizes other than the combination of all three sizes have been specified, shall be required to submit said size specifications to the North Carolina Association of Registers of Deeds for inclusion on a master list of all such counties. The list shall be available in each register of deeds office by October 1, 1991. For purposes of this section, the terms "plat" and "map" are synonymous.
(b) Plats to Be Reproducible. – Each plat presented for recording shall be a reproducible plat, either original ink on polyester film (mylar), or a reproduced drawing, transparent and archival (as defined by the American National Standards Institute), and submitted in this form. The recorded plat must be such that the public may obtain legible copies. A direct or photographic copy of each recorded plat shall be placed in the plat book or plat file maintained for that purpose and properly indexed for use. In those counties in which the register has made a security copy of the plat from which legible copies can be made, the original plat may be submitted in the form of black line on white paper instead of transparent and archival and may be returned to the person indicated on the plat.
(c) Information Contained in Title of Plat. – The title of each plat shall contain the following information:
(1) The property
(2) The name of
owner (the the owner;
provided, however, that the name of owner shall be shown for indexing
purposes only and is not to be construed as title certification), location certification.
(3) The location, to include
and state, the county and State, and the township or city, if
(4) The date or dates the survey was
(5) The scale or scale ratio in words or figures
(6) The name and address of surveyor
or firm preparing
the plat.plat, including the firm name and firm license number, if
(7) The dates and descriptions of revisions made after original signing.
The information required pursuant to this subsection shall be listed prominently on the plat. Information listed in the notes contained on the plat does not satisfy the requirements of this subsection.
(d) Certificate; Form. –
There shall appear on each plat a certificate by the person under whose
supervision the survey or plat was made, stating the
origin of reference
source for the boundary information for the surveyed property shown
on the plat, including recorded deed and plat references shown thereon. The
ratio of precision or positional accuracy before any adjustments must be
shown. Any lines on the plat that were not actually surveyed must be clearly
indicated and a statement included revealing the source of information. Where a
plat consists of more than one sheet, only one sheet must contain the
certification and all other sheets must be signed and sealed. Multiple sheet
plats shall be identified as a map set.
The certificate required above
shall include (i) the source of information for the
survey and survey,
(ii) data indicating the ratio of precision or positional accuracy of
the survey before adjustments adjustments, and (iii) the seal and
signature pursuant to Chapter 89C of the General Statutes, and shall be in
substantially the following form:
______, certify that this plat was drawn under my supervision from an actual
survey made under my supervision (deed description recorded in Book ____, page
____, etc.) (other); that the boundaries not surveyed are clearly indicated as
drawn from information found in Book ____, page ____; that the ratio of
precision or positional accuracy as calculated is
1: ____; that
this plat was prepared in accordance with G.S. 47‑30 as amended.
Witness my original signature, registration license number and
seal this ____ day of ____, A.D., ____.
Seal or Stamp
Professional Land Surveyor
Nothing in this requirement shall prevent the recording of a map that was prepared in accordance with a previous version of G.S. 47‑30 as amended, properly signed, and notarized under the statutes applicable at the time of the signing of the map. However, it shall be the responsibility of the person presenting the map to prove that the map was so prepared. The presence of the personal signature and seal of a professional land surveyor shall constitute a certification that the map conforms to the standards of practice for land surveying in this State as defined in the rules of the North Carolina State Board of Examiners for Engineers and Surveyors.
(e) Method of Computation. – An accurate method of computation shall be used to determine the acreage and either the ratio of precision or the positional accuracy shown on the plat. Area by estimation is not acceptable nor is area by planimeter, area by scale, or area copied from another source, except in the case of tracts containing inaccessible sections or areas. In such case the surveyor may make use of aerial photographs or other appropriate aids to determine the acreage of any inaccessible areas when the areas are bounded by natural and visible monuments. In such case the methods used must be stated on the plat and all accessible areas of the tract shall remain subject to all applicable standards of this section.
(f) Plat to Contain Specific Information. – Every plat shall contain the following specific information:
(1) An accurately positioned
north arrow coordinated with any bearings shown on the plat. Indication shall
be made as to whether the north index is true, magnetic, North Carolina grid
83" or "NAD 27"), ("NAD 83," "NAD 27,"
or other published horizontal datum), or is referenced to old deed or plat
bearings. If the north index is magnetic or referenced to old deed or plat
bearings, the date and the source (if known) the index was originally determined
shall be clearly indicated. North Carolina grid reference shall include the
horizontal datum and the realization reference.
(2) The azimuth or course and distance of every property line surveyed shall be shown. Distances shall be in U.S. Survey feet or meters and decimals thereof. The number of decimal places shall be appropriate to the class of survey required.
(3) All plat distances shall
be by horizontal ground or horizontal grid measurements. All
lines shown on the plat shall be correctly plotted to the scale shown.
Enlargement of portions of a plat are acceptable in the interest of clarity,
where shown as inserts. Where the North Carolina grid system is used the combined
grid factor shall be shown on the face of the plat. If grid distances are
used, it must be
shown indicated on the plat.
Where control corners
have been established in compliance with G.S. 39‑32.1, 39‑32.2, 39‑32.3,
and 39‑32.4, as amended, the location and pertinent information as
required in the reference statute shall be plotted on the plat. All other
corners which are marked by monument or natural object shall be so
identified on all plats, and where practical all corners of adjacent owners
along the boundary lines of the subject tract which are marked by monument or natural
object shall be shown.
(7) The names of adjacent
landowners, or lot, block, parcel, subdivision name designations or
reference reference, where applicable, shall be shown
where they could be determined by the surveyor.
(8) All visible and apparent rights‑of‑way, watercourses, utilities, roadways, and other such improvements shall be accurately located where crossing or forming any boundary line of the property shown. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to modify the notification responsibility of persons engaged in excavation or demolition pursuant to G.S. 87‑122.
(9) Where the plat is the
result of a survey, one or more corners
shall, by a system of azimuths or
courses and distances, be accurately tied to and coordinated with a horizontal
control monument of some United States or State Agency survey system, such as
the North Carolina Geodetic Survey where the monument is within 2,000 feet of
the subject property. Where the North Carolina Grid System coordinates of the
monument are on file in the North Carolina Geodetic Survey Section in the
Division of Emergency Management of the Department of Public Safety, the
coordinates of both the referenced corner and the monuments used shall be shown
in X (easting) and Y (northing) coordinates on the plat. The coordinates shall
be identified as based on "NAD 83," indicating North American Datum
of 1983, or as "NAD 27," indicating North American Datum of 1927. The
tie lines to the monuments shall also be sufficient to establish true north or
grid north bearings for the plat if the monuments exist in pairs. Within a
previously recorded subdivision that has been tied to grid control, control
monuments within the subdivision may be used in lieu of additional ties to grid
control. Within a previously recorded subdivision that has not been tied to
grid control, if horizontal control monuments are available within 2,000 feet,
the above requirements shall be met; but in the interest of bearing consistency
with previously recorded plats, existing bearing control should be used where
practical. In the absence of grid control, other appropriate natural monuments
or landmarks shall be used.shall be labeled with coordinates on the
plat, shown as "X" (easting) and "Y" (northing) coordinates,
traceable to a published geodetic datum or the North Carolina State Plane
Coordinate System, or both. The plat should include, at a minimum, the
referenced horizontal datum and realization (i.e., "NAD 83 (2011)") as
well as the data or method used to establish those coordinates, or both. If the
bearings shown on the map are not referenced to the same datum as the grid
coordinates shown, then either (i) the coordinates of a second point shall be
labeled and the two labeled points tied together by a single azimuth or course
and distance or (ii) the plat shall include, in written and graphical form, the
conversion from plat bearings to reference bearings. Control monuments within a
previously recorded subdivision may be used in lieu of grid control. In the interest
of consistency with previously recorded plats, existing bearing control may be
used where practical. Where no horizontal control monument of any United States
or State agency survey system, such as the North Carolina Geodetic Survey, is
located within 2,000 feet of the subject property, ties to other appropriate
natural monuments or landmarks may be used in lieu of grid coordinates. In
all cases, the tie lines shall be sufficient to accurately reproduce the
subject lands from the control or reference points used.
(10) A vicinity map (location map) and legend shall appear on the plat.
(11) Notwithstanding any other provision contained in this section, it is the duty of the surveyor, by a certificate on the face of the plat, to certify to one of the following:
a. That the survey creates a
subdivision of land within the area of a county or municipality that has an
ordinance that regulates parcels of
b. That the survey is
located in a portion of a county or municipality that is unregulated as to an
ordinance that regulates parcels of
c. Any one of the following:
1. That the survey is of an
existing parcel or parcels of land or one or more existing easements and
does not create a new street or change an existing
the purposes of this subsection, an "existing parcel" or "existing
easement" is an area of land described in a single, legal description or
legally recorded subdivision that has been or may be legally conveyed to a new
owner by deed in its existing configuration.
2. That the survey is of an
existing feature, such as a building or other structure, or natural
feature, such as a
3. That the survey is a control survey. For the purposes of this subsection, a "control survey" is a survey that provides horizontal or vertical position data for support or control of other surveys or for mapping. A control survey, by itself, cannot be used to define or convey rights or ownership.
4. That the survey is of a proposed easement for a public utility as defined in G.S. 62‑3.
d. That the survey is of
another category, such as the recombination of existing parcels, a court‑ordered
survey, or other exemption or exception to the definition of
e. That the information available to the surveyor is such that the surveyor is unable to make a determination to the best of the surveyor's professional ability as to provisions contained in (a) through (d) above.
plat contains the certificate of a surveyor as stated in sub‑subdivisions
b. or c. of this subdivision, nothing shall prevent the recordation of the plat
if all other provisions have been met. However,
if the plat contains the certificate of a surveyor as stated in sub‑subdivisions
a., d., or e.
above, of this subdivision, then the plat shall
have, in addition to said surveyor's certificate, a certification of approval,
or no approval required, as may be required by local ordinance from the
appropriate government authority and the county review officer as provided
in G.S. 47‑30.2 before the plat is presented for recordation. If
the plat contains the certificate of a surveyor as stated in b. or c. above,
nothing shall prevent the recordation of the plat if all other provisions have
been met.The signing and sealing of the certification as required in subsection
(d) of this section shall satisfy the certification requirement contained in
(h) Nothing in this section
shall be deemed to prevent the filing of any plat prepared by a
land surveyor but not recorded prior to the death of the registered professional
land surveyor. However, it is the responsibility of the person presenting
the map to the Review Officer pursuant to G.S. 47‑30.2 to prove that
the plat was so prepared. For preservation these plats may be filed without
signature, notary acknowledgement or probate, in a special plat file.
(j) The provisions of this
section shall not apply to boundary plats of State lines, county lines, areas
municipalities municipalities, nor to plats of
municipal boundaries, whether or not required by law to be recorded.
(m) Maps attached to deeds or
other instruments and submitted for recording in that form must be no larger
than 8 1/2 inches by 14 inches and comply with either this subsection or
subsection (n) of this section.
Such a map shall either (i) have the
original signature of a registered land surveyor and the surveyor's seal as
approved by the State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Land
Surveyors, or (ii) be a copy of a map, already on file in the public records,
that is certified by the custodian of the public record to be a true and
accurate copy of a map bearing an original personal signature and original
seal. The presence of the original personal signature and seal shall constitute
a certification that the map conforms to the standards of practice for land
surveying in North Carolina, as defined in the rules of the North Carolina
State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors.A
map submitted for recording pursuant to this subsection shall conform to one
the following standards:
(1) An original map that meets the requirements of subsections (c) through (f) of this section and that bears the signature of a professional land surveyor and the surveyor's seal as approved by the State Board of Examiners for Engineers and Surveyors.
(2) A copy of a previously recorded map that is certified by the custodian of the public record to be a true and accurate copy of the map.
(n) A map that does not meet the requirements of subsection (m) of this section may be attached to a deed or other instrument submitted for recording in that form for illustrative purposes only if it meets both of the following requirements:
(1) It is no larger than 8 1/2 inches by 14 inches.
(2) It is conspicuously
labelled, "THIS MAP
IS MAY NOT BE A CERTIFIED SURVEY
AND HAS NOT BEEN REVIEWED BY A LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCY FOR COMPLIANCE WITH ANY
APPLICABLE LAND DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS."REGULATIONS AND HAS NOT
BEEN REVIEWED FOR COMPLIANCE WITH RECORDING REQUIREMENTS FOR PLATS."
SECTION 2. Article 5A of Chapter 39 of the General Statutes is repealed.
SECTION 3. This act becomes effective July 1, 2017, and applies to plats and subdivisions submitted for recording on or after that date.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 30th day of May, 2017.
s/ Daniel J. Forest
President of the Senate
s/ Sarah Stevens
Speaker Pro Tempore of the House of Representatives
s/ Roy Cooper
Approved 11:12 a.m. this 8th day of June, 2017