GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2018-75
SENATE BILL 162
AN ACT to provide restorative justice to victims of human trafficking.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
MAKE DEFINITION OF "VICTIM" APPLY THROUGHOUT THE ARTICLE
SECTION 1. G.S. 14‑43.10(a) is amended by adding a new subdivision to read:
"(6) Victim. – Unless the context requires otherwise, a person subjected to the practices set forth in G.S. 14‑43.11, 14‑43.12, or 14‑43.13."
PROVIDE AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS
SECTION 2.(a) Article 10A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 14‑43.15. Affirmative defense.
(a) Affirmative Defense. – It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under this Article that the person charged with the offense was a victim at the time of the offense and was coerced or deceived into committing the offense as a direct result of the person's status as a victim.
(b) Construction. – Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or abrogate any other affirmative defense to a prosecution under this Article available to a person by statute or common law."
SECTION 2.(b) This section becomes effective December 1, 2018.
PROVIDE CONFIDENTIALITY FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS
SECTION 3.(a) Article 10A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 14‑43.16. Victim confidentiality; penalty for unlawful disclosure.
(a) Confidentiality Requirement. – Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b) of this section, the name, address, or other information that reasonably could be expected to lead directly to the identity of any of the following, is confidential and shall not be considered a public record as that term is defined in G.S. 132‑1:
(1) A victim.
(2) An alleged victim.
(3) An immediate family member of a victim or alleged victim. For purposes of this subdivision, the term "immediate family member" means a spouse, child, sibling, parent, grandparent, grandchild, or the spouse of an immediate family member. This term includes stepparents, stepchildren, stepsiblings, and adoptive relationships.
(b) Exceptions. – Information subject to the confidentiality requirement set forth in subsection (a) of this section may be disclosed only for the following purposes:
(1) For use in a law enforcement investigation or criminal prosecution.
(2) To ensure the provision of medical care, housing, or family services or benefits to any of the persons listed in subdivisions (1) through (3) of subsection (a) of this section.
(3) Upon written request by any of the persons listed in subdivisions (1) through (3) of subsection (a) of this section.
(4) As required by federal law or court order.
(c) Penalty. – A person who knowingly violates subsection (a) of this section is guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor."
SECTION 3.(b) This section becomes effective December 1, 2018.
MODIFY LAW PROVIDING RESTITUTION FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS
SECTION 4.(a) G.S. 14‑43.20 reads as rewritten:
"§ 14‑43.20. Mandatory restitution; victim services; forfeiture.
(a) Definition. – For purposes of this section, a
"victim" is a person subjected to the practices set forth in G.S. 14‑43.11,
14‑43.12, or 14‑43.13.
(b) Restitution. –
Restitution for a victim is mandatory under this Article. At a minimum, the
court shall order restitution in an amount equal to the value of the victim's
labor as guaranteed under the Minimum Wage Law and overtime provisions of the
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). In addition, the judge may order any other
amount of loss identified, including the gross income or value to the defendant
of the victim's labor or
services.services and any costs reasonably
certain to be incurred by or on behalf of the victim for medical care,
psychological treatment, temporary housing, transportation, funeral services, and
any other services designed to assist a victim recover from any injuries or
loss resulting from an offense committed under G.S. 14‑43.11, 14‑43.12,
(e) Forfeiture. – A person who commits a violation of G.S. 14‑43.11, 14‑43.12, or 14‑43.13 is subject to the property forfeiture provisions set forth in G.S. 14‑2.3.
(f) Escheat. – If a judge finds that the victim to whom restitution is due under this Article is unavailable to claim the restitution award, then the judge shall order the restitution be made payable to the clerk of superior court in the county in which the conviction for the offense requiring restitution occurred. If the victim fails to claim the restitution award within two years of the date of the restitution order issued by the judge, the clerk shall remit the restitution proceeds to the Crime Victims Compensation Fund established pursuant to G.S. 15B‑23. Notwithstanding any provision of G.S. 15B‑23 to the contrary, funds remitted to the Crime Victims Compensation Fund shall be used only to provide aid to victims who are (i) worthy and needy as determined by the Crime Victims Compensation Commission and (ii) enrolled in public institutions of higher education of this State."
SECTION 4.(b) G.S. 14‑43.20(b), as amended by subsection (a) of this section, becomes effective December 1, 2018, and applies to offenses committed on or after that date. G.S. 14‑43.20(f), as enacted by subsection (a) of this section, becomes effective December 1, 2018, and applies to orders for restitution entered on or after that date. The remainder of this section becomes effective December 1, 2018.
AMEND DEFINITION OF "ABUSED JUVENILES" TO INCLUDE ALL HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIMS LESS THAN 18 YEARS OF AGE
SECTION 5.(a) G.S. 7B‑101 reads as rewritten:
"§ 7B‑101. Definitions.
As used in this Subchapter, unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the following words have the listed meanings:
(1) Abused juveniles. – Any juvenile less than 18 years of age whose parent, guardian, custodian, or caretaker:
e. Creates or allows to be
created serious emotional damage to the juvenile; serious emotional damage is
evidenced by a juvenile's severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or aggressive
behavior toward himself or
f. Encourages, directs, or
approves of delinquent acts involving moral turpitude committed by the
orjuvenile. g. Commits or allows to be committed an offense
under G.S. 14‑43.11 (human trafficking), G.S. 14‑43.12
(involuntary servitude), or G.S. 14‑43.13 (sexual servitude) against
This term includes any juvenile less than 18 years of age who is a victim or is alleged to be a victim of an offense under G.S. 14‑43.11, 14‑43.12, or 14‑43.13, regardless of the relationship between the victim and the perpetrator.
SECTION 5.(b) This section becomes effective December 1, 2018.
AMEND RULE 412 OF THE EVIDENCE CODE TO INCLUDE CHARGES OF SEXUAL SERVITUDE
SECTION 6.(a) G.S. 8C‑412(d) reads as rewritten:
"(d) Notwithstanding any
other provision of law, unless and until the court determines that evidence of
sexual behavior is relevant under subdivision (b), no reference to this
behavior may be made in the presence of the jury and no evidence of this
behavior may be introduced at any time during the trial
of:of any of
(1) A charge of rape or a
lesser included offense of
(2) A charge of a sex offense
or a lesser included offense of a sex
(3) An offense being tried jointly with a charge of rape or a sex offense, or with a lesser included offense of rape or a sex offense.
(4) A charge of sexual servitude under G.S. 14‑43.13.
Before any questions pertaining to such evidence are asked of any witness, the proponent of such evidence shall first apply to the court for a determination of the relevance of the sexual behavior to which it relates. The proponent of such evidence may make application either prior to trial pursuant to G.S. 15A‑952, or during the trial at the time when the proponent desires to introduce such evidence. When application is made, the court shall conduct an in camera hearing, which shall be transcribed, to consider the proponent's offer of proof and the argument of counsel, including any counsel for the complainant, to determine the extent to which such behavior is relevant. In the hearing, the proponent of the evidence shall establish the basis of admissibility of such evidence. Notwithstanding subdivision (b) of Rule 104, if the relevancy of the evidence which the proponent seeks to offer in the trial depends upon the fulfillment of a condition of fact, the court, at the in camera hearing or at a subsequent in camera hearing scheduled for that purpose, shall accept evidence on the issue of whether that condition of fact is fulfilled and shall determine that issue. If the court finds that the evidence is relevant, it shall enter an order stating that the evidence may be admitted and the nature of the questions which will be permitted."
SECTION 6.(b) This section becomes effective December 1, 2018, and applies to trials held on or after that date.
AMEND MEMBERSHIP OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING COMMISSION
SECTION 7. G.S. 114‑70(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) Membership. – The
Commission shall consist of
12no more than 15 members as follows:
(3) The Governor shall appoint one representative from each of the following:
a. The Department of Labor.
b. The Department of Justice.
c. The Department of Public Safety.
d. A health care representative.
(4) The following persons, or their designees, may serve as ex officio members of the Commission:
a. The Director of the Administrative Office of the Courts.
b. The President of the North Carolina Conference of Superior Court Judges.
c. The President of the North Carolina Association of District Court Judges."
STUDY SENTENCING AND POST‑CONVICTION RELIEF FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING OFFENSES
SECTION 8.(a) Study. – The North Carolina Human Trafficking Commission, in consultation with the Conference of District Attorneys and the Office of Indigent Defense Services, shall study the human trafficking offenses set forth in Article 10A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes. At a minimum, the study shall consider (i) the appropriate level of sentencing for each offense, (ii) whether any revisions to the sentencing levels would reduce human trafficking, and (iii) the effects of expanding the eligibility of any post‑conviction relief to human trafficking victims.
SECTION 8.(b) Report. – The North Carolina Human Trafficking Commission shall submit its findings from the study required under subsection (a) of this section, including any legislative recommendations, to the Joint Legislative Oversight Committee on Justice and Public Safety by February 1, 2019.
SECTION 9. If any provision of this act or its application is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this act that can be given effect without the invalid provisions or application, and, to this end, the provisions of this act are severable.
SECTION 10. Except as otherwise provided, this act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 15th day of June, 2018.
s/ Bill Rabon
Presiding Officer of the Senate
s/ Tim Moore
Speaker of the House of Representatives
s/ Roy Cooper
Approved 10:41 a.m. this 25th day of June, 2018