GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SENATE BILL 1695
Commerce, Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee Substitute Adopted 5/28/08
Finance Committee Substitute Adopted 6/12/08
Short Title: Vehicle Size and Weight Changes.
May 21, 2008
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to authorize persons eighteen years of age or older who hold a class c LICENSE to operate specified VEHICLE combinations; to clarify the operation of VEHICLES with farmer license plates; to eliminate MUNICIPAL concurrence for designation of certain truck routes; to provide that fifty-three-foot semitrailers may operate on primary highways; to provide that combines up to twenty-five feet in width may be OPERATED on specified HIGHWAYS; to change the width limits and authorized time of OPERATION for towed boat trailers; to INCREASE specified weight limits for VEHICLES hauling agricultural crops and compressed seed cotton; and to MODIFY the weight EXCEPTION for vehicles transporting raw logs to first market, as recommended by the joint legislative TRANSPORTATION oversight committee.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 20-7(a)(3) reads as rewritten:
"(3) Class C. - A Class C license authorizes the holder to drive any of the following:
a. A Class C motor vehicle that is not a commercial motor vehicle.
b. When operated by a volunteer member of a fire department, a rescue squad, or an emergency medical service (EMS) in the performance of duty, a Class A or Class B fire-fighting, rescue, or EMS motor vehicle or a combination of these vehicles.
c. A combination of non-commercial motor vehicles that have a GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds but less than 26,001 pounds. This sub-subdivision does not apply to a Class C license holder less than 18 years of age."
SECTION 2. G.S. 20-88(b)(3) reads as rewritten:
"(3) License plates issued
at the farmer rate shall be placed upon trucks and truck-tractors that are
exclusively in the for the primary purpose of carrying
or transportation transporting of the applicant's
farm products, raised or produced on his the applicant's farm,
and farm supplies supplies. The license plates shall not be used on a
vehicle and not operated in hauling for hire."
SECTION 3. G.S. 20-115.1(g) reads as rewritten:
"(g) Under certain conditions, and after consultation with the Joint Legislative Commission on Governmental Operations, the North Carolina Department of Transportation may designate State highway system roads in addition to those highways designated by the United States Secretary of Transportation for use by the vehicle combinations authorized in this section. Such designations by the Department shall only be made under the following conditions:
(1) A determination of the public convenience and need for such designation;
(2) A traffic engineering study which clearly shows the road proposed to be designated can safely accommodate and has sufficient capacity to handle these vehicle combinations; and
(3) A public hearing is held or the opportunity for a public hearing is provided in each county through which the designated highway passes, after two weeks notice posted at the courthouse and published in a newspaper of general circulation in each county through which the designated State highway system road passes, and consideration is given to the comments received prior to the designation.
(4) The Department may designate routes for one particular type of STAA (Surface Transportation Assistance Act) dimensioned vehicle when significant, substantial differences in their operating characteristics exist.
No portion of the State highway system within municipal
corporate limits may be designated by the Department without concurrence by the
municipal governing body. Also, the The Department may not designate
any portion of the State highway system that has been deleted or exempted by
the United States Secretary of Transportation based on safety considerations.
For the purpose of this section, any highway designated by the Department shall
be deemed to be the same as a federal-aid primary highway designated by the
United States Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 49 USC 2311 and 49 USC
2316, and the vehicle combinations authorized in this section shall be
permitted to operate on such highway."
SECTION 4. G.S. 20-115.1(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) Motor vehicle
combinations consisting of a semitrailer of not more than 53 feet in length and
a truck tractor may be operated on
the interstate highways (except those
exempted by the United States Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 49 U.S.C.
2311(i)) and federal-aid primary system highways designated by the United
States Secretary of Transportationall primary highway routes of North
Carolina provided that:the motor vehicle combination meets the
requirements of this subsection. The Department may, after consultation with
the Joint Legislative Transportation Oversight Committee, prohibit a motor
vehicle combination on portions of a primary route or other State route if it
can clearly show through traffic engineering studies that the operation of a
motor vehicle combination on that route cannot be safely accommodated and that
the route does not have sufficient capacity to handle the vehicle combination.
To operate on a primary highway route, a motor vehicle combination described in
this subsection must meet all of the following requirements:
motor vehicle combination must comply with the weight requirements in
(2) A semitrailer
in excess of 48 feet in length
shall not be permitted unless:must
meet one or more of the following conditions:
distance between the kingpin of the trailer and the rearmost axle, or a point
midway between the two rear axles, if the two rear axles are a tandem axle,
does not exceed 41
semitrailer is used exclusively or primarily to transport vehicles in
connection with motorsports competition events, and the distance between the
kingpin of the trailer and the rearmost axle, or a point midway between the two
rear axles, if the two rear axles are a tandem axle, does not exceed 46
feet; feet. and (2)(3) Any A semitrailer in
excess of 48 feet is must be equipped with a rear underride guard
of substantial construction consisting of a continuous lateral beam extending
to within four inches of the lateral extremities of the semitrailer and located
not more than 30 inches from the surface as measured with the vehicle empty and
on a level surface."
SECTION 5. G.S. 20-116(e) reads as rewritten:
"(e) Except as provided by
G.S. 20-115.1, no combination of vehicles coupled together shall consist
of more than two units and no such combination of vehicles shall exceed a total
length of 60 feet inclusive of front and rear bumpers, subject to the following
exceptions: Motor vehicle combinations of one semitrailer of not more than
53 feet in length and a truck tractor (power unit) may exceed the 60-foot
maximum length. Said length limitation shall not apply to vehicles operated in
the daytime when transporting poles, pipe, machinery or other objects of a
structural nature which cannot readily be dismembered, nor to such vehicles
transporting such objects operated at nighttime by a public utility when
required for emergency repair of public service facilities or properties, but
in respect to such night transportation every such vehicle and the load thereon
shall be equipped with a sufficient number of clearance lamps on both sides and
marker lamps upon the extreme ends of said projecting load to clearly mark the
dimensions of such load: Provided that vehicles designed and used exclusively
for the transportation of motor vehicles shall be permitted an overhang
tolerance front or rear not to exceed five feet. Provided, that wreckers may
tow a truck, combination tractor and trailer, trailer, or any other disabled
vehicle or combination of vehicles to a place for repair, parking, or storage
within 50 miles of the point where the vehicle was disabled and may tow a
truck, tractor, or other replacement vehicle to the site of the disabled
vehicle. Provided, however, that a combination of a house trailer used as a
mobile home, together with its towing vehicle, shall not exceed a total length
of 55 feet exclusive of front and rear bumpers. Provided further, that the said
limitation that no combination of vehicles coupled together shall consist of
more than two units shall not apply to trailers not exceeding three in number
drawn by a motor vehicle used by municipalities for the removal of domestic and
commercial refuse and street rubbish, but such combination of vehicles shall
not exceed a total length of 50 feet inclusive of front and rear bumpers.
Provided further, that the said limitation that no combination of vehicles
coupled together shall consist of more than two units shall not apply to a
combination of vehicles coupled together by a saddle mount device used to
transport motor vehicles in a driveway service when no more than three saddle
mounts are used and provided further, that equipment used in said combination
is approved by the safety regulations of the Federal Highway Administration and
the safety rules of the Department of Crime Control and Public Safety."
SECTION 6. G.S. 20-116(j) reads as rewritten:
"(j) Nothing in
this section shall be construed to prevent the operation of
self-propelled grain combines or other farm equipment self-propelled, pulled
pulled, or otherwise, not exceeding 18 25 feet in
width may be operated on any highway, except a highway or section of
highway that is a fully controlled access highway or is a part of the
National System of Interstate and Defense Highways. Farm equipment includes a
vehicle that is designed exclusively to transport compressed seed cotton from a
farm to a gin and has a self-loading bed. All such combinesCombines
or equipment which exceed 10 feet in width may be so operated only if
they meet all of under the following conditions:conditions
listed in this subsection. A violation of one or more of these conditions does
not constitute negligence per se.
Said The equipment
may only be so operated during daylight hours.
Said The equipment
must display a red flag on front and rear, saidrear ends. The
flags shall not be smaller than three feet wide and four feet long and belong.
The flags shall be attached to a stick, pole, staff, etc., not less than
four feet long and they shall be so attached to said the
equipment as to be visible from both directions at all times while being
operated on the public highway for not less than 300 feet.
(3) Equipment covered by this section, which by necessity must travel more than 10 miles or where by nature of the terrain or obstacles the flags referred to in subdivision (2) of this subsection are not visible from both directions for 300 feet at any point along the proposed route, must be preceded at a distance of 300 feet and followed at a distance of 300 feet by a flagman in a vehicle having mounted thereon an appropriate warning light or flag. No flagman in a vehicle shall be required pursuant to this subdivision if the equipment is being moved under its own power or on a trailer from any field to another field, or from the normal place of storage of the vehicle to any field, for no more than ten miles and if visible from both directions for 300 feet at any point along the proposed route.
of equipment so operated shall operate to the right of the center line when
meeting traffic coming from the opposite direction and at all other times when
possible and practical.
Violation of this
section shall not constitute negligence per se.
equipment is causing a delay in traffic, the operator of said the
equipment shall move the equipment off the paved portion of the highway at
the nearest practical location until the vehicles following said the equipment
(7) The equipment shall be operated in the designed transport position that minimizes equipment width. No removal of equipment or appurtenances is required under this subdivision."
SECTION 7. G.S. 20-116 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
"§ 20-116. Size of vehicles and loads.
(m) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, a boat or boat trailer with an outside width of less than 120 inches may be towed without a permit. The towing of a boat or boat trailer less than 120 inches in width may take place on any day of the week, including weekends and holidays, and may take place at night so long as there is an operating light harness attached at the widest part of the combination. With a properly issued permit, the towing of a boat or boat trailer 120 inches or more in width may take place on any day of the week, including weekends and holidays, but shall not take place at night. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to the towing of a boat by or on behalf of a manufacturer or retailer of boats."
SECTION 8. G.S. 20-118(c)(12) reads as rewritten:
"(12) Subsections (b) and (e) of this section
do not apply to a vehicle that
(i) is hauling agricultural crops from the
farm where they were grown to first market, (ii) is within 35 miles of that
farm, (iii) does not operate on an interstate highway or posted bridge while
hauling the crops, and meets one of the following descriptions:meets all
of the conditions set out below:
a. Is a five-axle combination with a gross weight of no more than 90,000 pounds, a single-axle weight of no more than 22,000 pounds, a tandem-axle weight of no more than 42,000 pounds, and a length of at least 51 feet between the first and last axles of the combination.
b. Repealed by Session Laws 1993 (Reg. Sess., 1994), c. 761, s. 13.
b1. Does not operate on an interstate highway or exceed any posted bridge weight limits during transportation or hauling of agricultural products.
four-axle combination with a gross weight that does not exceed the limit set in
subdivision (b)(3) of this section,Does not exceed a single-axle
weight of no more than 22,000 pounds, and a tandem-axle weight of
no more than 42,000 pounds.pounds, or a gross weight of 90,000
SECTION 9. G.S. 20-118(k) reads as rewritten:
"(k) From September 1
through March 1 of each year, a vehicle which is equipped with a self-loading
bed and which is designed and used exclusively to transport compressed seed
cotton from the farm to a cotton gin may operate on the highways of the State,
except interstate highways, with a tandem-axle weight not exceeding
pounds. Such vehicles shall be exempt from light-traffic road limitations
only from point of origin on the light-traffic road to the nearest State-maintained
road which is not posted to prohibit the transportation of statutory load
limits. This exemption does not apply to restricted, posted bridge
SECTION 10. G.S. 20-118(c)(15) reads as rewritten:
"(15) Subsections (b) and (e) of this section do not apply to a vehicle or vehicle combination that meets all of the conditions below, but all other enforcement provisions of this Article remain applicable:
a. Is hauling wood residuals, including wood chips, sawdust, mulch, or tree bark from any site; is hauling raw logs to first market; or is transporting bulk soil, bulk rock, sand, sand rock, or asphalt millings from a site that does not have a certified scale for weighing the vehicle.
b. Does not operate on an interstate highway, a posted light-traffic road, except as provided by subdivision (c)(5) of this section, or a posted bridge.
c. Does not exceed a maximum gross weight 4,000 pounds in excess of what is allowed in subsection (b) of this section.
d. Does not exceed a single-axle weight of more than 22,000 pounds and a tandem-axle weight of more than 42,000 pounds."
SECTION 11. This act is effective when it becomes law.