GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2009-387
HOUSE BILL 506
AN ACT to CLARIFY RESPONSIBILITY FOR PAYMENT OF WITNESS FEES AND GUARDIAN AD lITEM FEES IN INCOMPETENCy PROCEEDINGS; AUTHORIZE APPOINTMENT OF A GUARDIAN AD LITEM FOR A PERSON WHO IS ADJUDICATED INCOMPETENT; PROVIDE FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL FOR AN INDIGENT PERSON IN CERTAIN PROCEEDINGS INVOLVING SATELLITE-BASED MONITORING OF SEX OFFENDERS; PROVIDE FOR REPRESENTATION FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION AND APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL FOR INDIGENT OFFENDERS IN SATELLITE-BASED MONITORING PROCEEDINGS; AND PROVIDE FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL BY THE OFFICE OF INDIGENT DEFENSE SERVICES IN CAPITAL CASES.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 35A-1116 reads as rewritten:
"§ 35A-1116. Costs and fees.
(a) Costs. - Except as otherwise provided herein, costs shall be assessed as in special proceedings. Costs, including any reasonable fees and expenses of counsel for the petitioner which the clerk, in his discretion, may allow, may be taxed against either party in the discretion of the court unless:
(1) The clerk finds that the petitioner did not have reasonable grounds to bring the proceeding, in which case costs shall be taxed to the petitioner; or
(2) The respondent is indigent, in which case the costs shall be waived by the clerk if not taxed against the petitioner as provided above or otherwise paid as provided in subsection (b) or (c).
(b) Multidisciplinary Evaluation. - The cost of a multidisciplinary evaluation order pursuant to G.S. 35A-1111 shall be assessed as follows:
(1) If the respondent is adjudicated incompetent and is not indigent, the cost shall be assessed against the respondent;
(2) If the respondent is adjudicated incompetent and is indigent, the cost shall be borne by the Department of Health and Human Services;
(3) If the respondent is not adjudicated incompetent, the cost may be taxed against either party, apportioned among the parties, or borne by the Department of Health and Human Services, in the discretion of the court.
Witness. - Witness fees
and the fees of court-appointed counsel or
guardian ad litem shall be paid by:
(1) The respondent, if the respondent is adjudicated incompetent and is not indigent;
(2) The petitioner, if the respondent is not adjudicated incompetent and the clerk finds that there were not reasonable grounds to bring the proceeding;
(2a) The petitioner for any of the petitioner's witnesses, and the respondent for any of the respondent's witnesses, when the clerk finds all of the following:
a. There were reasonable grounds to bring the proceeding.
b. The respondent was not adjudicated incompetent.
c. The respondent is not indigent.
The Administrative Office of the Courts
in all other cases. for
witness fees for the respondent, if the respondent is indigent.
(c1) Mediator. - Mediator fees and other costs associated with mediation shall be assessed in accordance with G.S. 7A-38.3B.
(c2) Guardian Ad Litem. - The fees of an appointed guardian ad litem shall be paid by:
(1) The respondent, if:
a. The respondent is adjudicated incompetent; and
b. The respondent is not indigent.
(2) The respondent, if:
a. The respondent is not adjudicated incompetent;
b. The clerk finds that there were reasonable grounds to bring the proceeding; and
c. The respondent is not indigent.
(3) The petitioner, if:
a. The respondent is not adjudicated incompetent; and
b. The clerk finds that there were not reasonable grounds to bring the proceedings.
(4) The Office of Indigent Defense Services in all other cases.
(d) The provisions of this section shall also apply to all parties to any proceedings under this Chapter, including a guardian who has been removed from office and the sureties on the guardian's bond."
SECTION 2. Article 5 of Chapter 35A of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 35A-1217. Appointment of guardian ad litem for incompetent ward.
The clerk shall appoint a guardian ad litem to represent a ward in a proceeding under this Subchapter if the ward has been adjudicated incompetent under Subchapter I and the clerk determines that the ward's interests are not adequately represented. Appointment and discharge of the guardian ad litem shall be in accordance with rules adopted by the Office of Indigent Defense Services. Nothing herein shall affect the ward's right to retain counsel of his or her own choice."
SECTION 3. G.S. 7A-451(a) is amended by adding a new subdivision to read:
"(18) A proceeding involving placement into satellite monitoring under Part 5 of Article 27A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes."
SECTION 4. G.S. 14-208.40B(b) reads as rewritten:
If the Department determines that the offender falls into one of the categories
described in G.S. 14-208.40(a), the district attorney, representing the
Department shall schedule a hearing in the superior
court of for the county in which the offender resides. The
Department shall notify the offender of the Department's determination and the
date of the scheduled hearing by certified mail sent to the address provided by
the offender pursuant to G.S. 14-208.7. The hearing shall be scheduled no
sooner than 15 days from the date the notification is mailed. Receipt of
notification shall be presumed to be the date indicated by the certified mail
receipt. Upon the court's determination that the offender is indigent and
entitled to counsel, the court shall assign counsel to represent the offender
at the hearing pursuant to rules adopted by the Office of Indigent Defense
SECTION 5. G.S. 7A-451(c) reads as rewritten:
In any capital case, an indigent defendant who is under a sentence of death and
desires counsel may apply to the
superior court of the district where
the defendant was indicted Office of Indigent Defense Services for
the appointment of counsel to represent the defendant in preparing, filing, and
litigating a motion for appropriate relief. The application for the appointment
of such postconviction counsel may be made prior to completion of review on
direct appeal and shall be made no later than 10 days from the latest of the
(1) The mandate has been issued by the Supreme Court of North Carolina on direct appeal pursuant to N.C.R. App. P. 32(b) and the time for filing a petition for writ of certiorari to the United States Supreme Court has expired without a petition being filed;
(2) The United States Supreme Court denied a timely petition for writ of certiorari of the decision on direct appeal by the Supreme Court of North Carolina; or
(3) The United States Supreme Court granted the defendant's or the State's timely petition for writ of certiorari of the decision on direct appeal by the Supreme Court of North Carolina, but subsequently left the defendant's death sentence undisturbed.
If there is not a criminal or
mixed session of superior court scheduled for that district, the application
must be made no later than 10 days from the beginning of the next criminal or
mixed session of superior court in the district.
Upon application, supported by the defendant's affidavit,
the superior court
shall enter an order appointing the Office of Indigent Defense Services if the
court finds that the defendant is indigent and desires counsel, and the Office
of Indigent Defense Services shall determine whether the defendant was
previously adjudicated indigent for purposes of trial or direct appeal. If the
defendant was previously adjudicated indigent, the defendant shall be presumed
indigent for purposes of this subsection, and the Office of Indigent
Defense Services shall appoint two counsel to represent the defendant. If
the defendant was not previously adjudicated indigent, the Office of Indigent
Defense Services shall request that the superior court in the district where
the defendant was indicted determine whether the defendant is indigent. If the
court finds that the defendant is indigent, the Office of Indigent Defense
Services shall then appoint two counsel to represent the defendant.
The defendant does not have a right to be present at the time of appointment of
counsel, and the appointment need not be made in open court.
defendant was previously adjudicated an indigent for purposes of trial or
direct appeal, the defendant shall be presumed indigent for purposes of this
SECTION 6. This act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 20th day of July, 2009.
s/ Walter H. Dalton
President of the Senate
s/ William L. Wainwright
Speaker Pro Tempore of the House of Representatives
s/ Beverly E. Perdue
Approved 12:20 p.m. this 31st day of July, 2009