GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE BILL 135
Short Title: Efficient and Affordable Energy Rates Bill.
Representatives Keever, Parfitt, and R. Moore (Primary Sponsors).
For a complete list of Sponsors, see Bill Information on the NCGA Web Site.
Public Utilities, if favorable, Finance.
February 21, 2011
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT (1) to require the north carolina utilities commission to establish tiered electricity rates for residential, commercial, public, and industrial customers to encourage energy conservation and energy efficiency; (2) to create the energy efficiency public benefit loan fund to be used for loans to customers for the costs of certain energy efficiency or renewable energy projects; and (3) to create an incentive for consumers to purchase energy star qualified household products.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. Article 7 of Chapter 62 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 62-155.1. Electric power tiered rates established.
The Commission shall develop, for the purpose of promoting energy conservation and energy efficiency, a rate structure for all residential, commercial, public, and industrial customers of electric power generated by electric public utilities. The rate structure shall include all of the following elements:
rate structure shall be inverted. Under the inverted rate structure, the use of
larger quantities of electricity shall result in a higher price per kilowatt
hour for the customer; lower usage shall result in a lower price.
(2) The rate structure shall be in the form of tiered blocks. The inverted tiered block rate structure shall allow that, when energy usage within a month or other billing period exceeds one tiered block, the customer shall begin to pay a higher rate for energy use in the next higher tiered block. Electricity used during peak demand periods, as that term is defined by the Commission, shall be charged at a higher tiered rate for the purpose of leveling out peak demand and minimizing the need for excess polluting generating capacity.
(3) Separate inverted tiered block rate structures shall be developed for residential, commercial, public, and industrial customers.
(4) The number of inverted tiered blocks for residential, commercial, public, and industrial customers and the cost thresholds the tiered blocks represent shall be developed for the purpose of achieving the goals of promoting energy conservation and energy efficiency as provided in this section.
(5) The inverted tiered block rate structure for residential customers shall be designed to avoid a negative economic impact on low-income families and rental units.
(6) The inverted tiered block rate structure for residential customers shall be scaled to achieve a forty percent (40%) to sixty percent (60%) statewide reduction in electricity consumption from 2010 levels within 10 years.
(7) The inverted tiered block rate structure for industrial and commercial customers shall be tailored on a case-by-case basis to maximize the financial benefit of investing in energy efficiency and job creation.
(8) All inverted tiered block rate structures shall be designed to guarantee electric public utilities regulated by the provisions of this Chapter will receive a reasonable rate of return on their capital expenditures."
SECTION 2. Article 7 of Chapter 62 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 62-155.2. Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund.
(a) Loan Fund Created. - The Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund is created. The Commission shall contract with a third-party administrator or an independent government agency to administer this Loan Fund. The Loan Fund shall consist of funds from any of the following sources:
(1) The proceeds from the avoidable pollution tax levied on the sale of energy inefficient household products under Article 5H of Chapter 105 of the General Statutes.
(2) The difference in revenues collected from the highest tiered block of the tiered rate structure developed under G.S. 62-155.1 and the revenues that would have been due based upon the next lower tiered rate block of the tiered rate structure.
(3) The difference in the rate of return on capital expenditures for an electric public utility prior to the closure of a peak demand electric power facility or other peak demand electric power generating source for that utility and the rate of return on capital expenditures for the utility after the closure.
(4) Any interest paid on loans made from the Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund.
(b) Purpose of Loan Fund. - The purpose of the Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund is to issue loans, subject to subsection (e) of this section, to customers to be used to invest in energy efficiency and renewable energy projects in order to promote energy efficiency, energy conservation, and a reduction in electric energy consumption.
(c) Loan Payments. - Loan payments due to be paid by the customer shall be integrated within each monthly, or other billing period, utility bill and shall reflect the savings that result from the energy efficiency and renewable energy made by the customer as previously determined at the time the customer entered into the loan agreement.
(d) Eligible Projects. - The only efficiency and renewable energy projects that are eligible for loans under this section are projects that can be shown to the satisfaction of the administrator of the Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund to result in a lower utility bill for that customer when the utility bill includes the loan payment amount due under subsection (c) of this section.
(e) Grants to Low-Income Households, - The Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund may be used to issue grants to low-income ratepayers to be used to invest in energy efficiency and renewable energy projects.
(f) Definitions. - As used in this section, 'renewable energy resources' has the same meaning as in G.S. 62-133.8.
(g) Authority to Adopt Rules. - The Commission may adopt rules to implement this section."
SECTION 3. Chapter 105 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new Article to read:
"Avoidable Pollution Tax for Certain Energy Inefficient Products.
"§ 105-187.70. Definitions.
The definitions in G.S. 105-164.3 apply to this Article, except that the term "sale" does not include lease or rental. The term "energy inefficient product" means a product that (i) is placed in service for residential purposes, (ii) belongs to a product category that is evaluated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Department of Energy for purposes of setting energy efficiency guidelines and of qualifying products within the category for the Energy Star label, and (iii) does not qualify for the Energy Star label.
"§ 105-187.71. Tax imposed.
A privilege tax is imposed on an energy inefficient product retailer for each new energy inefficient product that is sold by the retailer. An excise tax is imposed on a new energy inefficient product outside the State for storage, use, or consumption in this State. The rate of the privilege tax and the excise tax is five percent (5%) of the sales price of the energy inefficient product. These taxes are in addition to all other taxes.
"§ 105-187.72. Administration.
The privilege tax this Article imposes on an energy inefficient product retailer is an additional State sales tax, and the excise tax this Article imposes on the storage, use, or consumption of a new energy inefficient product in this State is an additional State use tax. Except as otherwise provided in this Article, these taxes shall be collected and administered in the same manner as the State sales and use taxes imposed by Article 5 of this Chapter. As under Article 5 of this Chapter, the additional State sales tax paid when an energy inefficient product is sold at retail is a credit against the additional State use tax imposed on the storage, use, or consumption of the same energy inefficient product.
"§ 105-187.73. Exemptions and refunds.
Except for the exemption for sales a state cannot constitutionally tax, the exemptions and refunds allowed in Article 5 of this Chapter do not apply to the taxes imposed by this Article.
"§ 105-187.74. Use of tax proceeds.
The Secretary must credit the taxes collected under this Article, less the Department of Revenue's allowance for administrative expenses, to the Energy Efficiency Public Benefit Loan Fund created in G.S. 62-155.2. The Secretary may retain the Department's cost of collection, not to exceed four hundred twenty-five thousand dollars ($425,000) a year, as reimbursement to the Department.
"§§ 105-187.75 through 105-187.79: Reserved for future codification purposes."
SECTION 4. This act becomes effective January 1, 2012.