GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2012-126
HOUSE BILL 438
AN ACT to promote efficiency and effectiveness in the administration of human services and to strengthen the local public health infrastructure by establishing a public health improvement incentive program and ensuring the provision of the ten essential public health services.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 153A-77 reads as rewritten:
"§ 153A-77. Authority of boards of commissioners in certain counties over commissions, boards, agencies, etc.
In the exercise of its jurisdiction over commissions, boards and agencies, the
board of county commissioners may assume direct control of any activities
theretofore conducted by or through any commission, board or agency by the
adoption of a resolution assuming and conferring upon the board of county
commissioners all powers, responsibilities and duties of any such commission,
board or agency. This
subsectionsection shall apply to the board
of health, the social services board, area mental health, developmental
disabilities, and substance abuse area board andor any other
commission, board or agency appointed by the board of county commissioners or
acting under and pursuant to authority of the board of county commissioners of
said county.county except as provided in G.S. 153A-76. A
board of county commissioners exercising the power and authority under this
subsection may, notwithstanding G.S. 130A-25, enforce public health rules
adopted by the board through the imposition of civil penalties. If a public
health rule adopted by a board of county commissioners imposes a civil penalty,
the provisions of G.S. 130A-25 making its violation a misdemeanor shall
not be applicable to that public health rule unless the rule states that a
violation of the rule is a misdemeanor. The board of county commissioners may
exercise the power and authority herein conferred only after a public hearing
held by said board pursuant to 30 days' notice of said public hearing given in
a newspaper having general circulation in said county.
The board of county commissioners may also appoint advisory boards, committees, councils and agencies composed of qualified and interested county residents to study, interpret and develop community support and cooperation in activities conducted by or under the authority of the board of county commissioners of said county.
A board of county commissioners that has assumed direct control of a local health board after January 1, 2012, and that does not delegate the powers and duties of that board to a consolidated health service board shall appoint an advisory committee consistent with the membership described in G.S. 130A-35.
(b) In the exercise of its jurisdiction over commissions, boards, and agencies, the board of county commissioners of a county having a county manager pursuant to G.S. 153A-81 may:
the provisioncertain provisions of human services in
the county under the direct control of a human services director appointed and
supervised by the county manager in accordance with subsection (e) of this
(2) Create a consolidated human services board having the powers conferred by subsection (c) of this section;
Create a consolidated county human services agency having the authority to
carry out the functions of any combination of commissions, boards, or
agencies appointed by the board of county commissioners or acting under and
pursuant to authority of the board of county commissioners, including the
local health department, the county department of social services,
the area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse
services authority; and
(4) Assign other county human services functions to be performed by the consolidated human services agency under the direction of the human services director, with policy-making authority granted to the consolidated human services board as determined by the board of county commissioners.
(c) A consolidated human services board appointed by the board of county commissioners shall serve as the policy-making, rule-making, and administrative board of the consolidated human services agency. The consolidated human services board shall be composed of no more than 25 members. The composition of the board shall reasonably reflect the population makeup of the county and shall include:
(1) Eight persons who are consumers of human services, public advocates, or family members of clients of the consolidated human services agency, including: one person with mental illness, one person with a developmental disability, one person in recovery from substance abuse, one family member of a person with mental illness, one family member of a person with a developmental disability, one family member of a person with a substance abuse problem, and two consumers of other human services.
(1a) Notwithstanding subdivision (1) of this subsection, a consolidated human services board not exercising powers and duties of an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board shall include four persons who are consumers of human services.
(2) Eight persons who are professionals, each with qualifications in one of these categories: one psychologist, one pharmacist, one engineer, one dentist, one optometrist, one veterinarian, one social worker, and one registered nurse.
(3) Two physicians licensed to practice medicine in this State, one of whom shall be a psychiatrist.
(4) One member of the board of county commissioners.
(5) Other persons, including members of the general public representing various occupations.
The board of county commissioners may elect to appoint a member of the consolidated human services board to fill concurrently more than one category of membership if the member has the qualifications or attributes of more than one category of membership.
All members of the consolidated human services board shall be residents of the county. The members of the board shall serve four-year terms. No member may serve more than two consecutive four-year terms. The county commissioner member shall serve only as long as the member is a county commissioner.
The initial board shall be appointed by the board of county commissioners upon the recommendation of a nominating committee comprised of members of the preconsolidation board of health, social services board, and area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board. In order to establish a uniform staggered term structure for the board, a member may be appointed for less than a four-year term. After the subsequent establishment of the board, its board shall be appointed by the board of county commissioners from nominees presented by the human services board. Vacancies shall be filled for any unexpired portion of a term.
A chairperson shall be elected annually by the members of the consolidated human services board. A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum. A member may be removed from office by the county board of commissioners for (i) commission of a felony or other crime involving moral turpitude; (ii) violation of a State law governing conflict of interest; (iii) violation of a written policy adopted by the county board of commissioners; (iv) habitual failure to attend meetings; (v) conduct that tends to bring the office into disrepute; or (vi) failure to maintain qualifications for appointment required under this subsection. A board member may be removed only after the member has been given written notice of the basis for removal and has had the opportunity to respond.
A member may receive a per diem in an amount established by the county board of commissioners. Reimbursement for subsistence and travel shall be in accordance with a policy set by the county board of commissioners. The board shall meet at least quarterly. The chairperson or three of the members may call a special meeting.
(d) The consolidated human services board shall have authority to:
(1) Set fees for departmental services based upon recommendations of the human services director. Fees set under this subdivision are subject to the same restrictions on amount and scope that would apply if the fees were set by a county board of health, a county board of social services, or a mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse area authority.
(2) Assure compliance with laws related to State and federal programs.
(3) Recommend creation of local human services programs.
(4) Adopt local health regulations and participate in enforcement appeals of local regulations.
(5) Perform regulatory health functions required by State law.
(6) Act as coordinator or agent of the State to the extent required by State or federal law.
(7) Plan and recommend a consolidated human services budget.
(8) Conduct audits and reviews of human services programs, including quality assurance activities, as required by State and federal law or as may otherwise be necessary periodically.
(9) Advise local officials through the county manager.
(10) Perform public relations and advocacy functions.
(11) Protect the public health to the extent required by law.
Perform comprehensive mental health services
planning.planning if the
county is exercising the powers and duties of an area mental health,
developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board under the
consolidated human services board.
(13) Develop dispute resolution procedures for human services contractors and clients and public advocates, subject to applicable State and federal dispute resolution procedures for human services programs, when applicable.
Except as otherwise provided, the consolidated human services board shall have the powers and duties conferred by law upon a board of health, a social services board, and an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board.
Local employees who serve as staff
of a consolidated county human services agency are subject to county personnel
policies and ordinances only and are not subject to the provisions of the State
Act. Act, unless the county board of commissioners elects
to subject the local employees to the provisions of that Act. All consolidated
county human services agencies shall comply with all applicable federal laws,
rules, and regulations requiring the establishment of merit personnel systems.
(e) The human services director of a consolidated county human services agency shall be appointed and dismissed by the county manager with the advice and consent of the consolidated human services board. The human services director shall report directly to the county manager. The human services director shall:
(1) Appoint staff of the consolidated human services agency with the county manager's approval.
(2) Administer State human services programs.
(3) Administer human services programs of the local board of county commissioners.
(4) Act as secretary and staff to the consolidated human services board under the direction of the county manager.
(5) Plan the budget of the consolidated human services agency.
(6) Advise the board of county commissioners through the county manager.
(7) Perform regulatory functions of investigation and enforcement of State and local health regulations, as required by State law.
(8) Act as an agent of and liaison to the State, to the extent required by law.
(9) Appoint, with the county manager's approval, an individual that meets the requirements of G.S. 130A-40(a).
Except as otherwise provided by
law, the human services director or the director's designee shall have the same
powers and duties as a social services director, a local health director,
a director of an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance
abuse services authority. (f)
This section applies to counties with a population in excess of 425,000."
SECTION 2. G.S. 153A-76 reads as rewritten:
"§ 153A-76. Board of commissioners to organize county government.
The board of commissioners may create, change, abolish, and consolidate offices, positions, departments, boards, commissions, and agencies of the county government, may impose ex officio the duties of more than one office on a single officer, may change the composition and manner of selection of boards, commissions, and agencies, and may generally organize and reorganize the county government in order to promote orderly and efficient administration of county affairs, subject to the following limitations:
(1) The board may not abolish an office, position, department, board, commission, or agency established or required by law.
(2) The board may not combine offices or confer certain duties on the same officer when this action is specifically forbidden by law.
(3) The board may not discontinue or assign elsewhere a function or duty assigned by law to a particular office, position, department, board, commission, or agency.
The board may not change the composition or manner of selection of a local
board of education,
the board of health, the board of social services,
the board of elections, or the board of alcoholic beverage control.
(5) The board may not abolish nor consolidate into a human services agency a hospital authority assigned to provide public health services pursuant to Section 12 of S.L. 1997-502 or a public health authority assigned the power, duties, and responsibilities to provide public health services as outlined in G.S. 130A-1.1.
(6) A board may not consolidate an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board into a consolidated human services board. The board may not abolish an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board, except as provided in Chapter 122C of the General Statutes. This subdivision shall not apply to any board that has exercised the powers and duties of an area mental health, developmental disabilities, and substance abuse services board as of January 1, 2012.
(7) The board may not abolish, assume control over, or consolidate into a human services agency a public hospital as defined in G.S. 159-39(a) pursuant to G.S. 153A-77."
SECTION 3. Article 2 of Chapter 130A of the General Statutes is amended by adding the following new sections to read:
"§ 130A-34.3. Incentive program for public health improvement.
(a) In order to promote efficiency and effectiveness of the public health delivery system, the Department shall establish a Public Health Improvement Incentive Program. The Program shall provide monetary incentives for the creation and expansion of multicounty local health departments serving a population of not less than 75,000.
(b) The Commission shall adopt rules to implement the Public Health Improvement Incentive Program.
"§ 130A-34.4. Strengthening local public health infrastructure.
(a) By July 1, 2014, in order for a local health department to be eligible to receive State and federal public health funding from the Division of Public Health, the following criteria shall be met:
(1) A local health department shall obtain and maintain accreditation pursuant to G.S. 130A-34.1.
(2) The county or counties comprising the local health department shall maintain operating appropriations to local health departments from local ad valorem tax receipts at levels equal to amounts appropriated in State fiscal year 2010-2011.
(b) The criteria established in subsection (a) of this section shall be in addition to any other funding criteria established by State or federal law."
SECTION 4. G.S. 130A-1.1(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) A local health department shall ensure that the following 10 essential public health services are available and accessible to the population in each county served by the local health department:
(1) Monitoring health status to identify community health problems.
(2) Diagnosing and investigating health hazards in the community.
(3) Informing, educating, and empowering people about health issues.
(4) Mobilizing community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
(5) Developing policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
(6) Enforcing laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
(7) Linking people to needed personal health care services and assuring the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
(8) Assuring a competent public health workforce and personal health care workforce.
(9) Evaluating effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
(10) Conducting research.
As used in this section, the
term "essential public health services" means those services that the
State shall ensure because they are essential to promoting and contributing to
the highest level of health possible for the citizens of North Carolina. The
Departments of Environment and Natural Resources and Health and Human Services
shall attempt to ensure within the resources available to them that the
following essential public health services are available and accessible to all
citizens of the State, and shall account for the financing of these services: (1)
Health Support: a.
Assessment of health status, health needs, and environmental risks to
Patient and community education; c.
Public health laboratory; d.
Registration of vital events; e.
Quality improvement; and (2)
Environmental Health: a.
Lodging and institutional sanitation; b.
On-site domestic sewage disposal; c.
Water and food safety and sanitation; and (3)
Personal Health: a.
Child health; b.
Chronic disease control; c.
Communicable disease control; d.
Dental public health; e.
Family planning; f.
Health promotion and risk reduction; g.
Maternal health; and (4)
Public Health Preparedness. The Commission for Public
Health shall determine specific services to be provided under each of the
essential public health services categories listed above."
SECTION 5. The Program Evaluation Division of the General Assembly shall study the feasibility of the transfer of all functions, powers, duties, and obligations vested in the Division of Public Health in the Department of Health and Human Services to the University of North Carolina Healthcare System and/or the School of Public Health at The University of North Carolina and submit its findings and recommendations to the Joint Legislative Program Evaluation Oversight Committee and the Joint Legislative Oversight Committee on Health and Human Services no later than February 1, 2013.
SECTION 6. This act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 21st day of June, 2012.
s/ Walter H. Dalton
President of the Senate
s/ Thom Tillis
Speaker of the House of Representatives
s/ Beverly E. Perdue
Approved 12:20 p.m. this 29th day of June, 2012