GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE DRH80286-MH-148A (03/22)
Short Title: Local Authority/Large-Scale Chicken Farms.
Representatives Blackwell and Wells (Primary Sponsors).
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to provide counties and cities with limited zoning authority over certain large-scale poultry farms.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 160A-360 reads as rewritten:
"§ 160A-360. Territorial jurisdiction.
(k) As used in this subsection, "bona fide farm purposes" is as described in G.S. 153A-340. As used in this subsection, "property" means a single tract of property or an identifiable portion of a single tract. Property that is located in the geographic area of a municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction and that is used for bona fide farm purposes is exempt from exercise of the municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction under this Article. Property that is located in the geographic area of a municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction and that ceases to be used for bona fide farm purposes or that contains an agricultural operation described by subdivisions (3) and (4) of G.S. 153A-340(b) shall become subject to exercise of the municipality's extraterritorial jurisdiction under this Article."
SECTION 2. G.S. 153A-340 reads as rewritten:
"§ 153A-340. Grant of power.
(a) For the purpose of promoting health, safety, morals, or the general welfare, a county may adopt zoning and development regulation ordinances. These ordinances may be adopted as part of a unified development ordinance or as a separate ordinance. A zoning ordinance may regulate and restrict the height, number of stories and size of buildings and other structures, the percentage of lots that may be occupied, the size of yards, courts and other open spaces, the density of population, and the location and use of buildings, structures, and land for trade, industry, residence, or other purposes. The ordinance may provide density credits or severable development rights for dedicated rights-of-way pursuant to G.S. 136-66.10 or G.S. 136-66.11.
(1) These regulations may affect
property used for bona fide farm purposes only as provided in
(3) and (4) of this subsection. This subsection does not limit
regulation under this Part with respect to the use of farm property for nonfarm
(2) Except as provided in G.S. 106-743.4 for farms that are subject to a conservation agreement under G.S. 106-743.2, bona fide farm purposes include the production and activities relating or incidental to the production of crops, fruits, vegetables, ornamental and flowering plants, dairy, livestock, poultry, and all other forms of agriculture as defined in G.S. 106-581.1. For purposes of this subdivision, the production of a nonfarm product that the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services recognizes as a "Goodness Grows in North Carolina" product that is produced on a farm subject to a conservation agreement under G.S. 106-743.2 is a bona fide farm purpose. For purposes of determining whether a property is being used for bona fide farm purposes, any of the following shall constitute sufficient evidence that the property is being used for bona fide farm purposes:
a. A farm sales tax exemption certificate issued by the Department of Revenue.
b. A copy of the property tax listing showing that the property is eligible for participation in the present use value program pursuant to G.S. 105-277.3.
c. A copy of the farm owner's or operator's Schedule F from the owner's or operator's most recent federal income tax return.
d. A forest management plan.
e. A Farm Identification Number issued by the United States Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency.
(3) The definitions set out in G.S. 106-802 apply to this subdivision. A county may adopt zoning regulations governing swine farms served by animal waste management systems having a design capacity of 600,000 pounds steady state live weight (SSLW) or greater provided that the zoning regulations may not have the effect of excluding swine farms served by an animal waste management system having a design capacity of 600,000 pounds SSLW or greater from the entire zoning jurisdiction.
(4) A county may adopt zoning regulations governing poultry farms with an animal waste management system having a design capacity of 150,000 or more confined poultry, provided that the zoning regulations may not have the effect of excluding poultry farms with an animal waste management system having a design capacity of 150,000 or more confined poultry from the entire zoning jurisdiction.
SECTION 3. This act becomes effective July 1, 2013, and applies to poultry farms constructed on or after that date.