GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE BILL 242
Committee Substitute Favorable 3/24/15
Third Edition Engrossed 3/26/15
Short Title: White Collar Investigation.
March 17, 2015
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to expand the list of crimes for which an investigative GRAND JURY MAY BE CONVENED AND TO CLARIFY THAT RECORDS GATHERED BY AN INVESTIGATIVE GRAND JURY ARE PART OF THE FILE OF THE PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE AND SUBJECT TO DISCLOSURE TO THE DEFENDANT.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 15A‑622 reads as rewritten:
"§ 15A‑622. Formation and organization of grand juries; other preliminary matters.
(h) A written petition for convening of grand jury under this section may be filed by the district attorney, the district attorney's designated assistant, or a special prosecutor requested pursuant to G.S. 114‑11.6, with the approval of a committee of at least three members of the North Carolina Conference of District Attorneys, and with the concurrence of the Attorney General, with the Clerk of the North Carolina Supreme Court. The Chief Justice shall appoint a panel of three judges to determine whether to order the grand jury convened. A grand jury under this section may be convened if the three‑judge panel determines that:
(1) The petition alleges the commission of or a
conspiracy to commit
a violation of G.S. 90‑95(h) or G.S. 90‑95.1,
any of the crimes listed in subsection (i) of this section, any part
of which violation or conspiracy occurred in the county where the grand jury
sits, and that persons named in the petition have knowledge related to the
identity of the perpetrators of those crimes but will not divulge that
knowledge voluntarily or that such persons request that they be allowed to
testify before the grand jury; and
(2) The affidavit sets forth facts that establish probable cause to believe that the crimes specified in the petition have been committed and reasonable grounds to suspect that the persons named in the petition have knowledge related to the identity of the perpetrators of those crimes.
The affidavit shall be based upon personal knowledge or, if the source of the information and basis for the belief are stated, upon information and belief. The panel's order convening the grand jury as an investigative grand jury shall direct the grand jury to investigate the crimes and persons named in the petition, and shall be filed with the Clerk of the North Carolina Supreme Court. A grand jury so convened retains all powers, duties, and responsibilities of a grand jury under this Article. The contents of the petition and the affidavit shall not be disclosed. Upon receiving a petition under this subsection, the Chief Justice shall appoint a panel to determine whether the grand jury should be convened as an investigative grand jury.
A grand jury authorized by this subsection may be convened from an existing grand jury or grand juries authorized by subsection (b) of this section or may be convened as an additional grand jury to an existing grand jury or grand juries. Notwithstanding subsection (b) of this section, grand jurors impaneled pursuant to this subsection shall serve for a period of 12 months, and, if an additional grand jury is convened, 18 persons shall be selected to constitute that grand jury. At any time for cause shown, the presiding superior court judge may excuse a juror temporarily or permanently, and in the latter event the court may impanel another person in place of the juror excused.
(i) An investigative grand jury may be convened
pursuant to subsection (h) of this section if the petition alleges the
commission of, attempt to commit or solicitation to commit, or a conspiracy to
a violation of G.S. 14‑43.11 (human trafficking), G.S. 14‑43.12
(involuntary servitude), or G.S. 14‑43.13 (sexual servitude).any
of the following:
(1) A violation of G.S. 90‑95(h) or G.S. 90‑95.1.
(2) A violation of Article 29 or 30 of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes (relating to bribery and obstructing justice), G.S. 14‑228 (buying and selling of offices), or G.S. 14‑234 (public officers or employees benefiting from public contracts).
(3) A violation of G.S. 14‑43.11 (human trafficking), G.S. 14‑43.12 (involuntary servitude), or G.S. 14‑43.13 (sexual servitude).
(j) Any grand juror who serves the full term of service under subsection (b) or subsection (h) of this section shall not be required to serve again as a grand juror or as a juror for a period of six years."
SECTION 2. G.S. 15A-623(h) reads as rewritten:
"(h) If a grand jury is convened pursuant to G.S.
15A‑622(h), notwithstanding subsection (d) of this section, a prosecutor
shall be present to examine witnesses, and a court reporter shall be present
and record the examination of witnesses. The record shall be transcribed. If
the prosecutor determines that it is necessary to compel testimony from the
witness, he may grant use immunity to the witness. The grant of use immunity
shall be given to the witness in writing by the prosecutor and shall be signed by
the prosecutor. The written grant of use immunity shall also be read into the
record by the prosecutor and shall include an explanation of use immunity as
provided in G.S. 15A‑1051. A witness shall have the right to leave the
grand jury room to consult with his counsel at reasonable intervals and for a
reasonable period of time upon the request of the witness. Notwithstanding
subsection (e) of this section, the
record records gathered in the
course of the grand jury investigation and the record of the examination of
witnesses shall be made available to the examining prosecutor, and he may shall
become part of the file of the prosecutor's office as those terms are defined
by G.S. 15A-903(a)(1). The prosecutor may disclose contents of the
record to other investigative or law‑enforcement officers, the witness or
his attorney to the extent that the disclosure is appropriate to the proper
performance of his official duties. The record of the examination of a witness
may be used in a trial to the extent that it is relevant and otherwise
admissible. Further disclosure of grand jury proceedings convened pursuant to
this act may be made upon written order of a superior court judge if the judge
determines disclosure is essential:
(1) To prosecute a witness who appeared before the grand jury for contempt or perjury; or
(2) To protect a defendant's constitutional rights or statutory rights to discovery pursuant to G.S. 15A‑903.
Upon the convening of the investigative grand jury pursuant to approval by the three‑judge panel, the district attorney shall subpoena the witnesses. The subpoena shall be served by the investigative grand jury officer, who shall be appointed by the court. The name of the person subpoenaed and the issuance and service of the subpoena shall not be disclosed, except that a witness so subpoenaed may divulge that information. The presiding superior court judge shall hear any matter concerning the investigative grand jury in camera to the extent necessary to prevent disclosure of its existence. The court reporter for the investigative grand jury shall be present and record and transcribe the in camera proceeding. The transcription of any in camera proceeding and a copy of all subpoenas and other process shall be returned to the Chief Justice or to such member of the three‑judge panel as the Chief Justice may designate, to be filed with the Clerk of the North Carolina Supreme Court. The subpoena shall otherwise be subject to the provisions of G.S. 15A‑801 and Article 43 of Chapter 15A. When an investigative grand jury has completed its investigation of the crimes alleged in the petition, the investigative functions of the grand jury shall be dissolved and such investigation shall cease. The District Attorney shall file a notice of dissolution of the investigative functions of the grand jury with the Clerk of the North Carolina Supreme Court."
SECTION 3. This act becomes effective October 1, 2015.