GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SENATE BILL 873
Short Title: Access to Affordable College Ed. Act.
Senators Apodaca (Primary Sponsor); Ballard, Barefoot, Barringer, Berger, Bingham, Brock, Brown, Cook, Curtis, Daniel, J. Davis, Harrington, Hartsell, Hise, B. Jackson, Krawiec, Lee, McInnis, Pate, Rabin, Rabon, Randleman, Sanderson, Tillman, Wade, and Wells.
May 11, 2016
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT to implement various policy changes designed to make public higher education more affordable in accordance with the state constitutional mandate that the benefits of public higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the state free of expense.
Whereas, Section 9 of Article IX of the North Carolina Constitution provides that the benefits of The University of North Carolina and other public institutions of higher education, as far as practicable, be extended to the people of the State free of expense; and
Whereas, the total cost of undergraduate tuition and fees for in‑State students in the University of North Carolina System has increased by 72% in the last 10 years and presents a formidable barrier to many students who may have saved for college but are still unable to meet the high cost of attendance and so must obtain a student loan; and
Whereas, student debt has reached a critical level as, according to the Southern Regional Education Board's latest data, the average debt of North Carolina students who graduate with debt from a public four‑year institution is $23,440, up 52% since 2007‑2008; and
Whereas, while the median earnings for those in North Carolina with a bachelor's degree is approximately $40,000, many college graduates still find they must use funds for the repayment of high‑cost educational debt that ordinarily could be set aside for family and home expenses and achieving a higher quality of life; and
Whereas, an increasing number of students who attend college and accumulate student debt drop out of college without earning a college degree and so must make long-term payments on loans that strain their financial resources and from which they received no benefit; and
Whereas, a 2015 study conducted by the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center indicates that only 53% of college freshmen earn a bachelor's degree within six years, and additional research published by David Kirp shows that of the 31 million adults who attended college between 1994 and 2014, about four million spent at least two years there and never earned a degree; and
Whereas, a 2011 study conducted by the American Institute for Research estimates the cost of dropping out, measured in lost earnings and taxes, at $4.5 billion; and
Whereas, a college education is considered an asset and wise investment that often leads to higher paying jobs, but the continuing increases in higher education costs and student debt are threatening the value of that investment; and
Whereas, it is imperative that the State of North Carolina take action to make more affordable to citizens of this State the higher education opportunities offered by The University of North Carolina and to ensure that the educational experience provided by the University of North Carolina System continues to be a valuable and wise investment; Now, therefore,
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
PART I. guarantee of no in‑state tuition increase for standard college term
SECTION 1.(a) Article 14 of Chapter 116 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
"§ 116‑143.9. Fixed tuition and fee payment option.
(a) There is established a fixed tuition and fee payment program that shall be available to any freshman or transfer undergraduate student who is admitted to any constituent institution of The University of North Carolina and deemed to be a North Carolina resident for purposes of tuition. The program shall have the following components:
(1) A guarantee that the cost of tuition and the cost of fees will remain constant or decrease during the tuition period.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the tuition period shall be (i) eight consecutive academic semesters for a student seeking a baccalaureate degree in a four‑year program or 10 consecutive academic semesters for a student seeking a baccalaureate degree in a program officially designated by the Board of Governors as a five‑year program, not including any summer sessions, or (ii) the appropriate balance of that after making the proper adjustments for a student who transfers to the constituent institution.
(3) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the student must remain enrolled continuously at the constituent institution during the entire tuition period.
(4) At the end of the tuition period, the cost of tuition for any additional academic semesters reverts to the amount of the current tuition for that constituent institution and a tuition surcharge imposed under G.S. 116‑143.7, if applicable.
(b) The fixed tuition and fee payment program may be tolled if the student is able to demonstrate a substantial disruption or interruption in the student's pursuit of a degree as provided in G.S. 116‑143.7(c).
(c) The Board of Governors shall adopt the policies needed to implement this section and shall also determine what the fixed tuition and fee payment rates and the tuition periods shall be for undergraduate transfer students who are North Carolina residents for purposes of tuition."
SECTION 1.(b) This section is effective when it becomes law and applies to freshmen and transfer students who enroll at a constituent institution beginning with the 2016 fall academic semester.
PART II. reduction of student fees
SECTION 2. Notwithstanding G.S. 116‑143, the Board of Governors of The University of North Carolina and the Board of Trustees at each constituent institution shall reduce student fees as follows: Beginning with the 2018 fall academic semester, student fees shall be reduced by an amount that is ten percent (10%) to twenty‑five percent (25%) less than the amount of the student fees charged in the 2016 fall academic semester. The Board of Governors and the Board of Trustees in their discretion shall determine what the amount of the reduction in fees required by this section shall be. After making the initial fee reduction of ten percent (10%) to twenty‑five percent (25%) required by this section, a constituent institution may increase student fees by no more than three percent (3%) per academic year.
PART III. reduced tuition at certain institutions
SECTION 3.(a) Notwithstanding G.S. 116‑143, the Board of Governors of The University of North Carolina shall set tuition rates for the constituent institutions listed in subsection (b) of this section as follows: Beginning with the 2018 fall academic semester, the tuition rate for resident students shall be five hundred dollars ($500.00) per academic semester and the tuition rate for nonresident students shall be two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) per academic semester.
SECTION 3.(b) This section applies only to the following constituent institutions:
(1) Elizabeth City State University.
(2) Fayetteville State University.
(3) University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
(4) Winston‑Salem State University.
(5) Western Carolina University.
SECTION 3.(c) G.S. 116‑144 reads as rewritten:
"§ 116‑144. Higher tuition to be charged nonresidents.
The Unless provided otherwise by law, the Board of Governors shall fix the tuition and required fees
charged nonresidents of North Carolina who attend the institutions enumerated
in G.S. 116‑4 at rates higher than the rates charged residents of
North Carolina and comparable to the rates charged nonresident students by comparable
public institutions nationwide, except that a person who serves as a graduate
teaching assistant or graduate research assistant or in a similar instructional
or research assignment and is at the same time enrolled as a graduate student
in the same institution may, in the discretion of the Board of Governors, be
charged a lower rate fixed by the Board, provided the rate is not lower than
the North Carolina resident rate."
PART IV. evaluation of admission cap on out‑of‑state students
SECTION 4.(a) The Board of Governors shall consider what effect, if any, the elimination of or an increase in the current cap of eighteen percent (18%) on the admission of nonresident students at the constituent institutions listed in subsection (b) of this section may have regarding the student applications to those institutions. If the Board of Governors determines that eliminating or increasing the current cap on the admission of nonresident students may increase the number, academic strength, and diversity of student applications at those institutions, then the Board of Governors may, in its discretion, adopt a policy that eliminates or establishes a different cap on the admission of nonresident students, and the period of time for which the modification of the cap shall be implemented at those institutions.
SECTION 4.(b) This section applies only to the following constituent institutions:
(1) Elizabeth City State University.
(2) Fayetteville State University.
(3) University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
(4) Winston‑Salem State University.
(5) Western Carolina University.
PART V. EvalUation of university names on enrollment, academic strength, and diversity
SECTION 5.(a) The University of North Carolina General Administration shall evaluate what effect, if any, the current name of each constituent institution has had on that institution with regard to the number, academic strength, and diversity of student applications and how any prior name changes may or may not have affected the institution. The University of North Carolina General Administration shall report its findings to the Board of Governors by January 15, 2017.
If, after considering the report from the University of North Carolina General Administration, the Board of Governors finds that there has been significant improvement at any of the constituent institutions regarding the number, academic strength, and diversity of student applications since the name change, then the Board of Governors shall recommend appropriate name changes for any of the constituent institutions that the Board deems may benefit by changing the name of the institution to become effective beginning with the 2018‑2019 academic year unless the General Assembly takes legislative action during the 2018 Regular Session to disapprove the name.
SECTION 5.(b) If a constituent institution is renamed pursuant to this section, the Chair of the Board of Governors shall notify the Revisor of Statutes of the new name no later than 30 days after the new name is adopted by the constituent institution. The Revisor of Statutes shall correct the statutory references to the name of any constituent institution that is renamed pursuant to this section.
PART VI. establish merit scholarship at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical state university and north carolina central university
SECTION 6.(a) Chapter 116 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new Article to read:
"§ 116‑290. Cheatham‑White Scholarships: establishment and purpose; benefits.
(a) Scholarships Established; Purpose. The Cheatham‑White Scholarships are established as a merit scholarship program at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University and at North Carolina Central University. The purpose of the scholarships is to provide an outstanding educational experience for students who are exceptional scholars, versatile and well‑rounded individuals with a broad range of interests, and who are accomplished and proficient in areas of both the arts and the sciences. They must also demonstrate leadership potential and a strong commitment to service.
(b) Scholarship Benefits. Each scholarship is a fully funded four‑year scholarship that covers the cost of all of the following: full tuition, student fees, housing, meals, textbooks, a laptop, supplies, travel, and personal expenses. Each scholarship also provides four summers of fully funded enrichment and networking opportunities that may include international travel and study.
(c) Number of Scholarships Awarded. Up to 50 scholarships, 40 for resident students and 10 for nonresident students, may be awarded each academic year to students admitted to North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. Up to 50 scholarships, 40 for resident students and 10 for nonresident students, may be awarded each academic year to students admitted to North Carolina Central University.
"§ 116‑291. Cheatham‑White Scholarships: fund established; administration of fund.
(a) Fund Established. There is established the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund to be used to fund scholarships awarded pursuant to this Article. Both private and public funds may be solicited in the creation of the fund.
(b) Matching Funds. The funds appropriated each fiscal year to the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund shall be matched by non‑State funds and disbursed pursuant to G.S. 143C‑4‑5.
(c) Administration of Fund. The University of North Carolina General Administration shall administer the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund and the Cheatham‑White Scholarships program.
"§ 116‑292. Cheatham‑White Scholarships; eligibility and selection criteria.
(a) Eligibility. To be eligible to be nominated as a potential candidate for a Cheatham‑White Scholarship, a person must satisfy all of the following criteria:
(1) Be a competitive applicant for admission as a freshman in the fall semester into a baccalaureate program at either North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University or North Carolina Central University.
(2) Be a United States citizen or permanent resident.
(3) Be on course to graduate from high school in the spring semester prior to college admission.
(b) Selection Criteria. Candidates for Cheatham‑White Scholarships shall be selected on the basis of academic merit, honorable character, outstanding leadership potential, and a demonstrable commitment to service. Financial need shall not be a consideration.
"§ 116‑293. Cheatham‑White Scholarships; school nomination of candidates.
All North Carolina high schools are eligible to nominate a student to be considered as a candidate for a Cheatham‑White Scholarship. For purposes of this section, a high school includes a public school under the direction of a local board of education, a charter school, a regional school, a high school operated as part of The University of North Carolina, a school operated by the Department of Health and Human Services, a school operated by the State Board of Education, or a nonpublic school regulated under Article 39 of Chapter 115C of the General Statutes.
The number of nominees from each school is determined by the size of the senior class as follows:
(1)....... Up to 199 seniors.................................................................. 2 nominees.
(2)....... 200‑399 seniors..................................................................... 3 nominees.
(3)....... 400‑499 seniors..................................................................... 4 nominees.
(4)....... 500 or more seniors............................................................... 5 nominees.
"§ 116‑294. Cheatham‑White Scholarships; administration of scholarships.
The University of North Carolina General Administration shall administer the Cheatham‑White Scholarships for both North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University and North Carolina Central University pursuant to policies adopted by the Board of Governors. As part of its administrative responsibilities, the University of North Carolina General Administration shall do all of the following:
(1) Design and implement an application and school nomination process to be used to identify potential scholarship candidates and a process for awarding the scholarships.
(2) Develop a direct nomination process, in addition to the school nomination process, that allows a student to nominate himself or herself to be considered as a candidate for the scholarship in certain circumstances.
(3) Define and describe more fully the selection criteria to be considered when choosing a scholarship candidate and recipient.
(4) Identify the parties that will (i) evaluate scholarship applications and nominations and (ii) determine which candidates shall be awarded scholarships.
(5) Design the framework and add the necessary substantive detail for the scholarship program, including courses of study that will be available, summer enrichment programs, and other extraordinary educational opportunities, and oversee its implementation.
(6) Establish a mentoring and networking system for scholarship recipients.
(7) Administer the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund.
(8) Establish a Cheatham‑White Scholarships alumni association and network.
(9) Any other function necessary for the successful implementation of the Cheatham‑White Scholarships program and administration of the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund."
SECTION 6.(b) There is appropriated from the General Fund to the Board of Governors of The University of North Carolina the sum of three million two hundred seven thousand three hundred fifty‑eight dollars ($3,207,358) for the 2016‑2017 fiscal year to be allocated to the Cheatham‑White Scholarship Fund established in G.S. 116‑291 and used to award Cheatham‑White Scholarships, as provided by Article 35 of Chapter 116 of the General Statutes, as enacted by this act. The funds appropriated by this subsection shall be matched by non‑State funds and disbursed pursuant to G.S. 116‑291 as enacted by subsection (a) of this section.
SECTION 6.(c) Subsection (b) of this section and G.S. 116‑291, as enacted by subsection (a) of this section, become effective July 1, 2016. The remainder of this section becomes effective beginning with the 2017 fall academic semester so that students may be nominated for the scholarship during the 2017‑2018 academic year and recipients of the scholarship may enroll to begin a course of study at the constituent institution beginning with the 2018 fall academic semester.
PART VII. application of act and effective date
SECTION 7.(a) Sections 1 through 5 of this act do not apply to high schools governed by the University of North Carolina General Administration.
SECTION 7.(b) Except as provided otherwise, this act is effective when it becomes law and applies to the 2017 fall academic semester and each subsequent academic semester.