NOTE: The Statutes on the North Carolina General Assembly website reflect changes made in the 2017 Regular Session. The changes from all Sessions are listed in the NC Statutes and Session Laws affected by ratified bills documents.

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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 35A: Incompetency and Guardianship.

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Article 1 - Determination of Incompetence. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1101§ 35A-1101. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1102§ 35A-1102. Scope of law; exclusive procedure.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1103§ 35A-1103. Jurisdiction; venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1104§ 35A-1104. Change of venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1105§ 35A-1105. Petition before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1106§ 35A-1106. Contents of petition.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1107§ 35A-1107. Right to counsel or guardian ad litem.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1108§ 35A-1108. Issuance of notice.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1109§ 35A-1109. Service of notice and petition.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1110§ 35A-1110. Right to jury.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1111§ 35A-1111. Multidisciplinary evaluation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1112§ 35A-1112. Hearing on petition; adjudication order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1113§ 35A-1113: Repealed by Session Laws 2016-72, s. 2, effective December 1, 2016.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1114§ 35A-1114. Appointment of interim guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1115§ 35A-1115. Appeal from clerk's order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1116§ 35A-1116. Costs and fees.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1117 through 35A-1119§§ 35A-1117 through 35A-1119: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Appointment of Guardian. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1120§ 35A-1120. Appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1121 through 35A-1129§§ 35A-1121 through 35A-1129. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Restoration to Competency. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1130§ 35A-1130. Proceedings before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1131 through 35A-1200§§ 35A-1131 through 35A-1200: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Purpose and Scope; Jurisdiction; Venue. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1201§ 35A-1201. Purpose.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1202§ 35A-1202. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1203§ 35A-1203. Jurisdiction; authority of clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1204§ 35A-1204. Venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1205§ 35A-1205. Transfer to different county.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1206§ 35A-1206. Letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1207§ 35A-1207. Motions in the cause.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1208§ 35A-1208. Authority for health care decisions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1209§ 35A-1209: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Appointment of Guardian for Incompetent Person. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1210§ 35A-1210. Application before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1211§ 35A-1211. Service of application, motions, and notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1212§ 35A-1212. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1212.1§ 35A-1212.1. Recommendation of appointment of guardian by will or other writing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1213§ 35A-1213. Qualifications of guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1214§ 35A-1214. Priorities for appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1215§ 35A-1215. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1216§ 35A-1216. Rule-making power of Secretary of Health and Human Services.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1217§ 35A-1217. Appointment of guardian ad litem for incompetent ward.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1218§ 35A-1218: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1219§ 35A-1219: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Appointment of Guardian for a Minor. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1220§ 35A-1220. Absence of natural guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1221§ 35A-1221. Application before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1222§ 35A-1222. Service of application and notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1223§ 35A-1223. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1224§ 35A-1224. Criteria for appointment of guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1225§ 35A-1225. Testamentary recommendation; guardian for incompetent minor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1226§ 35A-1226. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1227§ 35A-1227. Funds owed to minors.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1228§ 35A-1228. Guardians of children of servicemen; allotments and allowances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1229§ 35A-1229: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Guardian's Bond. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1230§ 35A-1230. Bond required before receiving property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1231§ 35A-1231. Terms and conditions of bond; increase on sale of realty or personal property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1232§ 35A-1232. Exclusion of deposited money in computing amount of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1233§ 35A-1233. Clerk's authority to reduce penalty of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1234§ 35A-1234. Action on bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1235§ 35A-1235. One bond sufficient when several wards have estate in common.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1236§ 35A-1236. Renewal of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1237§ 35A-1237. Relief of endangered sureties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1238§ 35A-1238. Clerk's liability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1239§ 35A-1239. Health and Human Services bond.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 8 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Person. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1240§ 35A-1240. Applicability of Article.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1241§ 35A-1241. Powers and duties of guardian of the person.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1242§ 35A-1242. Status reports for incompetent wards.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1243§ 35A-1243. Duties of designated agency.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1244§ 35A-1244. Procedure to compel status reports.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1245§ 35A-1245. Procedure to permit the sterilization of a mentally ill or a mentally retarded ward in the case of medical necessity.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1246 through 35A-1249§§ 35A-1246 through 35A-1249: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 9 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Estate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1250§ 35A-1250. Applicability of Article.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1251§ 35A-1251. Guardian's powers in administering incompetent ward's estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1252§ 35A-1252. Guardian's powers in administering minor ward's estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1253§ 35A-1253. Specific duties of guardian of estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1254 through 35A-1259§§ 35A-1254 through 35A-1259: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 10 - Returns and Accounting. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1260§ 35A-1260. Applicability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1261§ 35A-1261. Inventory or account within three months.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1262§ 35A-1262. Procedure to compel inventory or account.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1263§ 35A-1263. Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 28.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1263.1§ 35A-1263.1. Supplemental inventory.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1264§ 35A-1264. Annual accounts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1265§ 35A-1265. Procedure to compel accounting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1266§ 35A-1266. Final account and discharge of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1267§ 35A-1267. Expenses and disbursements credited to guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1268§ 35A-1268. Guardian to exhibit investments and bank statements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1269§ 35A-1269. Commissions.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 11 - Public Guardians. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1270§ 35A-1270. Appointment; term; oath.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1271§ 35A-1271. Bond of public guardian; increasing bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1272§ 35A-1272. Powers, duties, liabilities, compensation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1273§ 35A-1273. When letters issue to public guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1274 through 35A-1279§§ 35A-1274 through 35A-1279: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 12 - Nonresident Ward Having Property in State. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1280§ 35A-1280. Appointment of ancillary guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1281§ 35A-1281. Removal of ward's personalty from State.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1282 through 35A-1289§§ 35A-1282 through 35A-1289: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 13 - Removal or Resignation of Guardian; Successor Guardian; Estates Without Guardians; Termination of Guardianship. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1290§ 35A-1290. Removal by Clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1291§ 35A-1291. Emergency removal; interlocutory orders on revocation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1292§ 35A-1292. Resignation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1293§ 35A-1293. Appointment of successor guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1294§ 35A-1294. Estates without guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1295§ 35A-1295. Termination of guardianship.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1296 through 35A-1300§§ 35A-1296 through 35A-1300: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 14 - Sale, Mortgage, Exchange or Lease of Ward's Estate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1301§ 35A-1301. Special proceedings to sell, exchange, mortgage, or lease.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1302§ 35A-1302. Procedure when real estate lies in county in which guardian does not reside.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1303§ 35A-1303. Fund from sale has character of estate sold and subject to same trusts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1304§ 35A-1304: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 7.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1305§ 35A-1305. When timber may be sold.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1306§ 35A-1306. Abandoned incompetent spouse.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1307§ 35A-1307. Spouse of incompetent husband or wife entitled to special proceeding for sale of real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1308 through 35A-1309§§ 35A-1308 through 35A-1309: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 15 - Mortgage or Sale of Estates Held by the Entireties. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1310§ 35A-1310. Where one spouse or both incompetent; special proceeding before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1311§ 35A-1311. General law applicable; approved by judge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1312§ 35A-1312. Proceeding valid in passing title.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1313§ 35A-1313. Clerk may direct application of funds; purchasers and mortgagees protected.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1314§ 35A-1314. Prior sales and mortgages validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1315 through 35A-1319§§ 35A-1315 through 35A-1319: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 16 - Surplus Income and Advancements. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1320§ 35A-1320: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 14.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1321§ 35A-1321. Advancement of surplus income to certain relatives.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1322§ 35A-1322. Advancement to adult child or grandchild.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1323§ 35A-1323. For what purpose and to whom advanced.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1324§ 35A-1324. Distributees to be parties to proceeding for advancements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1325§ 35A-1325. Advancements to be equal; accounted for on death.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1326§ 35A-1326. Advancements to those most in need.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1327§ 35A-1327. Advancements to be secured against waste.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1328§ 35A-1328. Appeal; removal to superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1329§ 35A-1329. Advancements only when incompetence permanent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1330§ 35A-1330. Orders suspended upon restoration of competence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1331 through 35A-1334§§ 35A-1331 through 35A-1334: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 17 - Gifts from Income for Certain Purposes. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1335§ 35A-1335. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1336§ 35A-1336. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1336.1§ 35A-1336.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1337§ 35A-1337. Fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1338§ 35A-1338. Validity of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1339§ 35A-1339: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 18 - Gifts from Principal for Certain Purposes. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1340§ 35A-1340. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1341§ 35A-1341. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1341.1§ 35A-1341.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1342§ 35A-1342. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under § 35A-1341.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1343§ 35A-1343. Notice to minors and incompetents under § 35A-1341 and § 35A-1341.1.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1344§ 35A-1344. Objections to proposed gift; fact that incompetent had previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1345§ 35A-1345. Validity of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1346 through 35A-1349§§ 35A-1346 through 35A-1349: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 19 - Declaring Revocable Trust Irrevocable and Making Gift of Incompetent's Life Interest Therein. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1350§ 35A-1350. Declaration and gift for certain purposes authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1351§ 35A-1351. Prerequisites to approval of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1352§ 35A-1352. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under § 35A-1351.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1353§ 35A-1353. Notice to minors and incompetents under § 35A-1351.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1354§ 35A-1354. Objections to proposed declaration and gift; fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1355§ 35A-1355. Validity of declaration and gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1356 through 35A-1359§§ 35A-1356 through 35A-1359: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 20 - Guardians' Deeds Validated When Seal Omitted. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1360§ 35A-1360. Deeds by guardians omitting seal, prior to January 1, 1944, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1361§ 35A-1361. Certain private sales validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1362 through 35A-1369§§ 35A-1362 through 35A-1369. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 21 - Standby Guardianship. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1370§ 35A-1370. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1371§ 35A-1371. Jurisdiction; limits.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1372§ 35A-1372. Standby guardianship; applicability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1373§ 35A-1373. Appointment by petition of standby guardian; petition, notice, hearing, order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1374§ 35A-1374. Appointment by written designation; form.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1375§ 35A-1375. Determination of incapacity or debilitation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1376§ 35A-1376. Restoration of capacity or ability; suspension of guardianship.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1377§ 35A-1377. Authority concurrent to parental rights.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1378§ 35A-1378. Powers and duties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1379§ 35A-1379. Appointment of guardian ad litem.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1380§ 35A-1380. Bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1381§ 35A-1381. Accounting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1382§ 35A-1382. Termination.[HTML] [RTF]

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